Samiksha Jaiswal (Editor)

USJJO

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The USJJO (USA JuJitsu Organization) is recognized by the Ju-Jitsu International Federation (JJIF) as the National Ju-Jitsu Member of the USA and as the recognized governing body for Ju-Jitsu in the United States of America. The JJIF is the recognized JuJitsu Organization to the Olympic World Games .

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USJJO is committed to developing self-defense and competitive Ju-Jitsu through the Ju-Jitsu International Federation (JJIF).

History

George Anderson was the founder of the original National Governing Body with the JJIF. Under Hanshi Anderson's direction, the USA participated in JJIF World Championships beginning in 1993 (Denmark). Upon his passing in 2009, the original USA NGB was hijacked and became a personal service organization of the current president. After attempts to fix the problems from the inside failed due to a non-open election process, the USJJO applied to the JJIF to become the new National Governing Body.

The 2013 JJIF General Assembly voted for the USJJO to become the USA National Member.

Members of the USJJO have participated in many JJIF World Championships: Denmark (1993), Italy (1994), The Netherlands (1995), Paris (1997), Uruguay (2002), Madrid (2004), Rotterdam (2006), St. Petersburg, Russia (2010), Austria (2012), Paris (2015), Poland (2016)

JuJitsu International Federation (JJIF)

USJJO is the USA National Governing Body for the JJIF. The JJIF is a member of the General Association of International Sport Federations (GAISF), member of International World Games Association (IWGA – part of the Olympic Movement together with the IOC) and affiliated to the Sport for All Federation (FISpT). Ju-Jitsu under JJIF rules has been an event at the World Games since the 1997 World Games in Lahti, Finland.

Rules of Sport Ju-Jitsu

JJIF currently regulates three different types of competitions at the international level: the Duo system', Fighting system and Ne Waza.

Duo

The former is a discipline in which a pair of Jutsukas (Ju-Jitsu athlete) from the same team show possible self-defence techniques against a series of 12 attacks, randomly called by the mat referee from the 20 codified attacks to cover the following typologies: grip attack (or strangulation), embrace attack (or necklock), hit attack (punch or kick) and armed attack (stick or knife).

The Duo system has three competition categories: male, female or mixed, and the athletes are judged for their speed, accuracy, control and realism. It is arguably the most spectacular form of Ju-jitsu competition and it requires great technical preparation, synchronicity and elevated athletic qualities.

Fighting

With a different approach, the Fighting System is articulated in a one-on-one competition between athletes. The system is divided in several categories according to weight and sex

(Male categories: -55 kg, -62 kg, -69 kg, -77 kg, -85 kg, -94 kg, +94 kg; Female categories -48 kg, -55 kg, -62 kg, -70 kg, +70 kg).

The actual competition is divided in three phases (Parts): Part I sees the JuJutsukas involved in distance combat (controlled attacks with arms and legs and atemis of various nature - punches, strikes and kicks). Once a grab has been made the Fight enters Part II and hits are no longer allowed.

The jujutsukas try to bring one another down with various throwing techniques (and points are given according to how "clean" and effective the action was). Also - despite of not very common - submission techniques as controlled strangulations and locks are allowed in part II.

Once down on the tatamis (mats) the match enters its Part III. Here points are given for immobilisation techniques, controlled strangulations or levers on body joints that bring the opponent to yield.

The winner is the Jutsuka who has accumulated most points during the fight. Automatic victory is assigned to the Jutsuka who gets an "Ippon" (clean action, full points) in all three Parts. This type of competition requires timing, agility, strength and endurance.

Ne-Waza

The ne-waza system is the newest of the official competition systems and is similar to Brazilian jiu-jitsu. The ne-waza fight starts in standing position, and the competitors try to gain points with several throwing, take-down and immobilization techniques, sweeps (changing from lower to upper position starting with a guard), or to win the fight ultimately with submission techniques. If no competitor ends the fight with a submission technique, the referee announces the competitor with the most points as winner.

The ne-waza system is parted by age (cadets - under 17, juniors under 20 and seniors), as well as belt ranks (only green to black belt are allowed to participate in international opens), gender and weight.

The contest duration is 4 minutes for cadets, 6 minutes for juniors and seniors (<=35 years) and 5 minutes for competitors from 36 years onwards.

References

USJJO Wikipedia


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