Supriya Ghosh (Editor)

Turnip moth

Updated on
Share on FacebookTweet on TwitterShare on LinkedInShare on Reddit
Covid-19
Kingdom  Animalia
Order  Lepidoptera
Genus  Agrotis
Higher classification  Agrotis
Phylum  Arthropoda
Family  Noctuidae
Scientific name  Agrotis segetum
Rank  Species
Turnip moth Turnip Moth Agrotis segetum NatureSpot
Similar  Agrotis, Noctuidae, Insect, Butterflies and moths, Heart and dart

The turnip moth (Agrotis segetum) is a moth of the family Noctuidae. It is a common European species, but it is also found in Asia and Africa, very likely having been spread by the international trade in nursery stock. It is a cutworm in the genus Agrotis, which possibly is the genus that includes the largest number of species of cutworms.

Contents

Turnip moth Turnip Moth Agrotis segetum UKMoths

Appearance

Turnip moth Turnip Moth LepiPhotos

This is a very variable species with the forewings ranging from pale buff through to almost black. The paler forms have three dark-bordered stigmata on each forewing. Antennae of male bipectinated with moderate length branches. The main feature distinguishing it from other Agrotis species is the shade of the hindwings, pure white in the males, pearly grey in the females. The wingspan is 32–42 mm.

Behaviour

Turnip moth The Moths of Suffolk 2087 Turnip Moth Agrotis segetum Denis

Two broods are produced each year, the adults flying in May and June and again in August and September. The species is nocturnal and attracted to light and nectar-rich flowers. The species overwinters as a caterpillar.

Larval behaviour and damage

Turnip moth 73319 Turnip Moth Agrotis segetum Co Louth

Agrotis segetum is one of the most important species of Noctuid moths whose larvae are called cutworms. The larvae are generally grey, sometimes tinged with purple. They attack the roots and lower stems of a huge range of plants (see list below) and can be a particularly serious pest of root vegetables and cereals. Attacking the lower stems often results in cutting down seedlings, which is why this species is classed as a cutworm.

Spread and control

Turnip moth httpsuploadwikimediaorgwikipediacommonsthu

The insect is not believed to be present in the United States, where the government has been making efforts to prevent its introduction on imported food crops. As with any other Noctuid, assorted diseases, predators, and parasitoids attack Agrotis segetum, mainly in the egg and larval stages, but not so effectively as to render control measures unnecessary. One major problem in dealing with infestations stems from the larvae's nocturnal habits, which make it more difficult to detect its presence in the first place, and more difficult to deal with anyway. Birds that will scratch it up, such as guinea fowl and other wild and domestic poultry can themselves not be tolerated in most of the crops that need protection; birds such as ibises and hoopoes, that probe for caterpillars, are not numerous enough. Insectivorous animals such as shrews, moles, and golden moles are regarded with suspicion by most gardeners, and also are generally too few.

Turnip moth Turnip Moth Agrotis segetum UKMoths

Insecticides of various kinds have been used with varying success for many decades at least. Baits based on sweetened bran, finely spread, have met with some success. Cultural methods such as fallowing land before sowing, to starve the larvae can be effective, and in suitable conditions, dry-plowing land to kill larvae and pupae, and expose them to predators, has been effective in maize fields.

A virus is being tested as a biocontrol on crops in Europe.

Recorded host plants

The following is a partial list of genera and other taxa which are hosts for the turnip moth; apart from the sheer variety, it is striking that the list includes resinous, aromatic, and toxic species, including members of the conifers, Eucalyptus, and Nicotiana:

References

Turnip moth Wikipedia


Topics
 
B
i
Link
H2
L