Turner Broadcasting System, Inc. (known professionally as Turner Broadcasting System and also known simply as Turner) is an American media conglomerate that is a division of Time Warner and manages the collection of cable television networks and properties initiated or acquired by Ted Turner. The company was founded in 1970, and merged with Time Warner on October 10, 1996. It now operates as a semi-autonomous unit of Time Warner. The company's assets include CNN, HLN, TBS, TNT, Cartoon Network, Adult Swim, Boomerang and TruTV. The company's current chairman and CEO is John K. Martin. The headquarters of Turner's properties are located in both the CNN Center in Downtown Atlanta and the Turner Broadcasting campus off Techwood Drive in Midtown Atlanta, which also houses Turner Studios. Across Interstate 75/85 from the Techwood campus is the original home of Turner's WTBS superstation (now separated into its TBS cable network and Peachtree TV), which today houses the headquarters of Adult Swim and Williams Street Productions.
In 1970, Ted Turner, then owner of a successful Atlanta-based outdoor advertising company, purchased WJRJ-Atlanta, Channel 17, a small, struggling Ultra High Frequency station, and renamed it WTCG, for parent company Turner Communications Group. By careful programming acquisitions, Turner guided the station to success. During December 1976, WTCG originated the "superstation" concept, transmitting via satellite to cable systems.
On December 17, 1976 at 1:00 pm, WTCG Channel 17's signal was beamed via satellite to its four cable systems in Grand Island, Nebraska; Newport News, Virginia; Troy, Alabama; and Newton, Kansas. All four cable systems started receiving the 1948 Dana Andrews - Cesar Romero film Deep Waters already in progress. The movie had started 30 minutes earlier. WTCG went from being a little television station to a major TV network that every one of the 24,000 households outside of the 675,000 in Atlanta was receiving coast-to-coast. WTCG became a so-called Superstation and created a precedent of today's basic cable television.
HBO had gone to satellite transmissions to distribute its signal nationally in 1975, but that was a service cable subscribers were made to pay extra to receive. Ted Turner's innovation signaled the start of the basic cable revolution.
In 1979, the company changed its name to Turner Broadcasting System, Inc. (TBS, Inc.) and the call letters of its main entertainment channel to WTBS.
On June 1, 1980, CNN was launched at 17:00 EST becoming the first 24-hour news cable channel. The husband and wife team of Dave Walker and Lois Hart news anchored the first newscast, Burt Reinhardt the then executive vice president of CNN, hired most of CNN's first 200 employees & 25-member staff including Bernard Shaw, the network's first news anchor.
In 1981, Turner Broadcasting System acquired Brut Productions from Faberge Inc.
In 1984, Turner initiated Cable Music Channel, his competition for WASEC's MTV. The channel was short-lived, but helped influence the original format of VH1.
In 1986, after a failed attempt to acquire CBS, Turner purchased the film studio MGM/UA Entertainment Co. from Kirk Kerkorian for $1.5 billion. Following the acquisition, Turner had an enormous debt and sold parts of the acquisition. MGM/UA Entertainment was sold back to Kirk Kerkorian. The MGM/UA Studio lot in Culver City was sold to Lorimar/Telepictures. Turner kept MGM's pre-May 1986 and pre-merger film and TV library Turner Entertainment Co. was founded on August 4, 1986.
On October 3, 1988, the company launched Turner Network Television (TNT).
Turner expanded its presence in movie production and distribution, first with the 1991 purchase of the Hanna-Barbera animation studio. On December 22, 1993, Turner acquired Castle Rock Entertainment. Turner purchased New Line Cinema a month later.
Turner launched Cartoon Network on October 1, 1992, followed by Turner Classic Movies (TCM) on April 14, 1994.
On October 10, 1996, Turner merged with Time Warner, a company formed in 1989 by the merger of Time Inc. and Warner Communications. Through this merger, Warner Bros. had regained the rights to its pre-1950 library, while Turner gained access to the company's post-1950 library and other properties.
In 2003, Philip I. Kent succeeded Jamie Kellner as chairman. Operational duties for The WB were transferred by Time Warner from Warner Bros. to Turner Broadcasting during 2001, while Kellner was chairman, but were returned to Warner Bros. in 2003 with the departure of Kellner.
On February 23, 2006, the company agreed to sell the regional entertainment channel Turner South to Fox Entertainment Group. Fox assumed control of the channel on May 1, and on October 13 relaunched it as SportSouth - coincidentally, the former name of Fox Sports South when Turner owned this channel in partnership with Liberty Media between 1990 and 1996.
In May 2006 Time Warner, which had owned 50% of Court TV since 1998, purchased the remaining 50% from Liberty Media and began running the channel as part of Turner Broadcasting. The channel was relaunched as TruTV on January 1, 2008.
Also in May 2006, Ted Turner attended his last meeting as a board member of Time Warner and officially parted with the company.
On October 5, 2007, Turner Broadcasting System completed the acquisition of Claxson Interactive Pay Television Networks in Latin America.
On August 26, 2010 Turner Broadcasting took full control of Chilevisión, a TV channel owned by Chile's President Sebastián Piñera.
On September 8, 2011 Turner Broadcasting System acquired LazyTown Entertainment, the producer of the TV series LazyTown.
On January 1, 2014, John K. Martin succeeded Phil Kent as chairman and CEO of Turner Broadcasting.
On August 26, 2014, it was reported that Turner Broadcasting was preparing to fire 550 people before an NBA rights deal. It was further reported in October 2014 that the company planned to reduce its workforce by 10% (1,475 people) through layoffs across a wide set of units including corporate positions.
On August 14, 2015, it was announced that Turner Broadcasting had acquired a majority stake in iStreamPlanet, a Las Vegas-based video streaming services company, in an effort to bolster its over-the-top programming and shift its core technology infrastructure to the cloud. iStreamPlanet is a direct competitor of Major League Baseball Advanced Media. The deal was reported to be in the neighborhood of $200 million.
NewsHLN (HD and SD)
("CNN Philippines TV9") (HD and SD)
Movies & EntertainmentTBS (HD and SD)
TNT (HD and SD)
TruTV (HD and SD)
Turner Classic Movies (HD and SD)
Terrestrial BroadcastingWPCH-TV (also known as Peachtree TV; operated by Meredith Corporation under a Local Marketing Agreement)
Animation, Young Adults & Kids MediaBoomerang
("TV5, Boing, Animax Asia") (HD and SD)
("Cartoon Network Philippines, TV5, Boing, Animax Asia")
Adult Swim (HD and SD)
NCAA.com/March Madness Live
SportsNBA TV (HD and SD) (Owned by the National Basketball Association while Turner Broadcasting operates the network)
Latin AmericaChilevisión (Free to air, Chile)
The channels in Latin America are controlled by Turner Broadcasting System Latin America, headquartered in Atlanta. It broadcasts Latin American versions of U.S. channels, and also channels that are exclusive for the region. TBS LA also handles advertising sales for Warner Channel (owned by fellow Time Warner division Warner Bros. Entertainment Inc.) and for the Brazilian action sports channel Woohoo.
News and InformationCNN en Español
CNN en Español Pan-regional
CNN en Español México
CNN Indonesia (co-owned by Trans Media)
(Latin America, Asia, Europe, Africa)
(Asia, Middle East and North Africa)
CNN Philippines (co-owned with Nine Media Corporation and Radio Philippines Network through a brand licensing agreement)
CNN Türk (co-owned with Doğan Media Group)
CNN HD (USA)
(Asia, Middle East and North Africa)
CNN International South Asia
News 18 Assam
News 18 Tamil
News Nation Assam
Cartoon Network India
Kids and TeensBoomerang
Boomerang Latin America
Boomerang Nederland (Audio option Dutch)
Boomerang (Middle East & Africa)
Boomerang Central, Southeast Europe and Russia (Audio option in English, Romanian, Hungarian, Bulgarian and Russian)
Boomerang France (HD and SD)
Boomerang UK & Ireland (HD and SD)
Boomerang Southeast Asia (Multiaudio option)
Cartoon Network Latin America (HD and SD)
Cartoon Network Latin America 1
Cartoon Network Chile
Cartoon Classic India
Cartoon Network Argentina
Cartoon Network México
Cartoon Network Brasil
Cartoon Network Poland (HD and SD)
Cartoon Network Hungary
Cartoon Network Nordic (Sweden, Norway, Danmark and Finland)
Cartoon Network Italia
Cartoon Network Nederland
Cartoon Network Türkiye
Cartoon Network Pakistan
Cartoon Network France(HD and SD)
Cartoon Network Canada
Cartoon Network Australia
Cartoon Network India
Cartoon Network UK & Ireland (HD and SD)
Cartoon Network Japan
Cartoon Network Taiwan
Cartoon Network Russia and Southeast Europe
Cartoon Network (Middle East & Africa)
Cartoon Network Arabic (HD and SD)
Cartoon Network Deutschland
Cartoon Network Korea
Cartoon Network Southeast Asia
Cartoon Network Philippines
Tooncast (Latin America)
Cartoonito (UK & Ireland)
Toonami Channel (Asia)
Toonami Channel (France)
LifestyleGlitz* Latin America
TNT Glitz (Germany, previously Glitz*)
TruTV Latin America (Also in High Definition)
TruTV Southeast Asia
TABI Channel (Japan)
MONDO TV (Japan)
MusicHTV (Latin America)
MuchMusic (Latin America)
Imagine Showbiz (India)
Movies & EntertainmentTNT (Also in High Definition)
TNT Argentina (Argentina, Uruguay and Paraguay)
TNT Chile & South American countries
TNT Panama & Central American countries
TNT Series (Latin America, HD and SD)
TNT Serie (Germany)
TNT Film (Germany)
I-SAT (Latin America)
Space (Latin America, Also in High Definition)
TCM (Latin America)
Turner Classic Movies Nordic (Sweden, Norway, Danmark and Finland)
Turner Classic Movies UK (HD and SD)
Turner Classic Movies Middle East and Africa
TCM Spain (HD and SD)
TCM Cinema (France) (HD and SD)
TCM South East Asia
TBS (Latin America)
HBO Latin America (HBO, HBO2, HBO Plus East and West, HBO Family, HBO Signature, Max East, Max West, Maxprime East, Maxprime West, Max UP HD)
HBO Asia (HBO Asia, HBO Hits, HBO Family, Cinemax and Red Screen)
Warner TV South East Asia (HD and SD)
Warner TV India (HD and SD)
Warner TV Pakistan
Warner Channel Latin America
Esporte Interativo (Brazil)
Esporte Interativo Plus (Brazil) - Only Web
EI Maxx (Brazil)
EI Maxx 2 (Brazil)
ChinesePhoenix Chinese Channel
Phoenix InfoNews Channel
Phoenix North America Chinese Channel
Phoenix Chinese News and Entertainment Channel
Phoenix Hong Kong Channel
Regional NewsCNN Chile, a joint-venture between Turner Latin América and VTR Globalcom that is only aired in Chile.
CNN IBN, a joint-venture between Turner, TV18 and Global Broadcast News that is only aired in India.
CNN Türk, owned by Doğan Medya Grubu that is only aired in Turkey.
CNN+, a joint-venture between Turner (50%) and Sogecable that is only aired in Spain, closed down in late 2010.
EntertainmentCETV (36%, joint venture with TOM Group)
QTV (50%, joint venture with IS Plus, an affiliate of JoongAng Ilbo) (South Korea)
Showtime Scandinavia through Turner NonStop Television in the Scandinavian countries.
Silver (TV channel), independent and international movies, through Turner NonStop Television in the Scandinavian countries.
Star, showbiz news programming, through Turner NonStop Television in the Scandinavian countries.
TruTV (UK and Ireland) Entertainment & Reality channel
AnimationBoomerang UK, various Boomerang channels around Europe
Boing (Italy) (Mediaset 51% and Turner 49%)
MoviesLumiere Movies : 92%
Atlanta Braves — An MLB franchise (Now owned by Liberty Media)
Atlanta Hawks — An NBA franchise (Now owned by Atlanta Spirit)
Atlanta Thrashers — An NHL franchise (now owned by True North Sports & Entertainment as the Winnipeg Jets)
Cable Music Channel — A defunct television channel
Castle Rock Entertainment — A film production company*
CNNfn — A defunct television channel
CNNSI — A defunct television channel
Hanna-Barbera Productions — An animation studio*
SportSouth — A regional sports network (Now owned by 21st Century Fox as Fox Sports South)
New Line Cinema — A film production company*
New Line Television — A television production arm of New Line Productions*
Turner Publishing — A book publisher
Turner Entertainment Co. — A film holding company*
Turner Pictures — An original in-house programming*
Turner Pictures Worldwide Distribution — An international distribution sales unit*
Turner Feature Animation — An animation unit*
Turner Home Entertainment — A home video distributor (Merged into Warner Home Video)
Turner Program Services — A former syndication arm, merged into Time Warnerʻs Telepictures Productions
Turner South — A regional television channel (Now owned by Fox Sports Networks as Fox Sports Southeast)
Universal Wrestling Corporation - A professional wrestling promotion formerly known as World Championship Wrestling. Currently a non-operational company, select assets are now owned by WWE, Inc. through WCW, Inc.
* Now owned or absorbed by sister company, Warner Bros.