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Tsugaru Tsuguakira

Nationality  Japanese

Name  Tsugaru Tsuguakira
Tsugaru Tsuguakira httpsuploadwikimediaorgwikipediacommonsthu
Born  September 7, 1840 (1840-09-07) Edo, Japan
Occupation  Daimyo of Hirosaki Domain (1859-1871)
Died  July 19, 1916, Tokyo, Japan

Tsugaru Tsuguakira (津軽 承昭, September 7, 1840 – July 19, 1916) was the 12th and final daimyō of Hirosaki Domain in northern Mutsu Province, Honshū, Japan (modern-day Aomori Prefecture). His courtesy title was Tosa-no-kami.

Biography

Tsugaru Tsuguakira was the 4th son of Hosokawa Narimori, the 8th daimyō of Uto Domain, a sub-domain of Kumamoto Domain in Kyushu. He was married to the 4th daughter of Tsugaru Yukitsugu, 11th daimyō of Hirosaki Domain, and was adopted as his heir in 1857.

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Tsuguakira became daimyō on February 7, 1859, and continued his predecessor’s policies of modernizing and westernizing the domain's military forces. Tsuguakira became daimyō during the turbulent Bakumatsu period, during which time the Tsugaru clan first sided with the pro-imperial forces of Satchō Alliance, and attacked nearby Shōnai Domain. However, the Tsugaru soon switched course, and briefly joined the Ōuetsu Reppan Dōmei. However, for reasons yet unclear, the Tsugaru backed out of the alliance and re-joined the imperial cause after a few months, participating in several battles in the Imperial cause during the Boshin War, notably that of the Battle of Noheji, and Battle of Hakodate. After the Meiji Restoration, with the abolition of the han system, Yukitsugu was appointed Imperial Governor of Hirosaki from 1869 to 1871, at which time the territory was absorbed into the new Aomori Prefecture.

With the establishment of the kazoku peerage system in 1882, Tsuguakira was awarded with the title of hakushaku (count). After his retirement from public life, he served as a director of the Number 15 National Bank (第十五国立銀行, Dai jūgo kokuritsu ginkō), and was noted for his waka poetry. He died in Tokyo in 1916, and his grave is at the Yanaka Cemetery in Taito-ku, Tokyo.

Tsugaru Tsuguakira had no son, and adopted the younger son of the court noble Konoe Tadafusa, who took the name of Tsugaru Hidemaru (津軽英麿) (1872-1919) to be his heir.

References

Tsugaru Tsuguakira Wikipedia


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