Girish Mahajan (Editor)

Troika (ride)

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Troika (ride)

The Troika is an amusement park ride designed and manufactured by HUSS Park Attractions in the mid-1970s. The name Troika means "group of three" in Russian, a reference to its three armed design. There are several variations on the design.



HUSS Park Attractions designed and manufactured the first Troika ride in the mid-1970s. It is named after the Russian word meaning "group of three", a reference to its three armed design

Description and operation

A Troika consists of three arms radiating from a central column. At the end of each arm is a wheel-like assembly (star) holding seven gondolas, each of which seats 2 people side by side. The combination of the arm and star is a sweep.

When the ride is activated, the central column rotates clockwise, while the Star at the end of each arm rotates counterclockwise. Hydraulic cylinders then raise the arms to an angle of 40°. The gondolas do have some capacity to rock from side to side, but this is minimal. At the end of the ride cycle, the arms are lowered, and the rotation stopped. Because it is a relatively mild thrill ride, it is a good ride for younger children or beginning riders who aren't up to riding more extreme attractions, like Huss's own Enterprise or Top Spin.

The main safety restraint is a buzz bar system, which locks into one of five positions. Huss recommends that riders be at least 42 inches tall with an adult or over 50 inches tall to ride alone.

Variants and modern adaptions

The ride is available in both transportable and permanent forms, although due to the total weight and size of the ride (35 tons, plus an additional 27 tons for the temporary base and platform), transportable Troikas are unpopular and uncommon.

Portable versions of the Troika can be disassembled, but due to the size and weight of the machinery and platform, rack onto no fewer than three trailers.


Huss now makes a modern version of the Troika, called the AirBoat. It is smaller and can only carry 24 people (with 3 pods and 4 cars per pod). It runs at about the same speed. One example that is no longer running was the Gator Bait ride at Six Flags New Orleans; this ride closed due to damage from Hurricane Katrina in 2005.


The Tivoli Scorpion is based on the same pattern as the Troika, but a much smaller gondola wheel diameter results in greater speed and centripetal force experienced by the riders (claimed to be over 100 kilometres per hour (62 mph)). The Scorpion is significantly lighter than a Troika, making it more popular for operation at carnivals and fairs.


  • Australia - One Troika: Tumblebug at Luna Park Sydney. One traveling Scorpion.
  • Canada - One Troika: Adrenaline Test Zone at Calaway Park.
  • England - One Tivoli Scorpion at Adventure Island (amusement park) since 2001. One Fairmatt Tri-Star at Pleasureland Southport since 2013.
  • Finland - One Troika: "Troika" In Särkänniemi, Tampere
  • France - At least one Troika: L'aigle Noir (The Black Eagle) at OK Corral Theme Park
  • Germany - At least two: Wellenreiter at Hansa-Park, Dancing Queen (travelling version)
  • Japan - At least one: Troika at Toshimaen
  • Mexico - At least one: Spider at Selva Magica
  • Norway - One Troika: "Humla" In Kongeparken, Ålgård operated since 1997.
  • Russia - At least one Troika: Тройка (Troika) at All-Russia Exhibition Centre.
  • Serbia - At least one: Scorpion at Kraus-Park (travelling version)
  • The Netherlands - Two Troikas: Goldcurse at Familiepark Drievliet, Tomahawk at Attractiepark Slagharen
  • United States - At least eight Troikas (at Cedar Point, Palace Playland, Kings Island, Elitch Gardens, Kings Dominion, Fun Spot America, Six Flags Great America, and Six Flags Over Texas).
  • Past appearances

  • Diablo - La Ronde operated from 1978 to 2003.
  • Thrillbilly - Darien Lake operated from 1979 to 1983. (This ride was removed with changes in park ownership.)
  • Gator Bait - Six Flags New Orleans an AirBoat version, no longer operating due to damage to the park by Hurricane Katrina in 2005.
  • Triple Play - California's Great America operated from 1976 to 2004.
  • Warp 2000 - Six Flags AstroWorld operated from 1981 to 2005. Most parts were moved to Six Flags Over Texas to be used on their Troika.
  • Wild Flower/Wild Rider - Six Flags Great Adventure operated from 1975 to 1977.
  • References

    Troika (ride) Wikipedia