Jammu and Kashmir
Tral (Kashmiri: ترال) is a town and a notified area committee in Pulwama district of Jammu and Kashmir, India, situated 10 km away from National Highway 1A.
Tral is located at 33.93°N 75.1°E / 33.93; 75.1. It has an average elevation of 1662 metres (5452 ft). The place is having an average area of about 110 km².
Tral is situated at the edge of plateau divided into upper and lower mohallas. The valley is surrounded by the snow peak mountains also famous for its natural springs, dense forests and beautiful villages. Famous picnic spots in the vicinity include Shikargah, Aripal and Hajan. The area is known for its 82 springs, including hot water springs and springs remaining hot in winter and cold in summer.
The houses that are built on this range are mostly made up of bricks (some sun dried and some baked). The roofs are usually made of tin while some are occasionally thatched. Tral is shaded by fine trees. The area possess enormous number of springs located in its 82 villages. Plateau lands on the east side of the town is bare and dry but the slope to the west and to its beneath has a large mass of rice cultivation.
As of 2011 India census, Tral had a population of 17,844 with 9,944 males constituting 55.7% of the population and 7,900 females constituting 44.3% of the population.
Tral is considered one of the most educated towns in the state of Jammu and Kashmir. it's leading in the overall literacy rate among the other Municipal Committees in the Kashmir zone. Literacy rate of Tral is 85.92 %, higher than state average of 67.16 %. In Tral, Male literacy is around 92.85 % while female literacy rate is 65.62 %
The name Tral is said to originate from trī lāl (تریہ لال), meaning "Three Pearls".
Tral is considered the most volatile area in Jammu & Kashmir and a militancy hotbed. Burhan Muzaffar Wani, former commander of Hizbul Mujahideen, hailed from Tral. Hizbul Mujahideen commander Sabzar Bhat, successor of Burhan Wani hailing from Ratsuna, Tral was also killed in Soimoh, Tral, by Indian security forces sparking days of unrest.