Suvarna Garge (Editor)

Tomini–Tolitoli languages

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Covid-19
Geographic distribution  Sulawesi
Glottolog  tomi1241
Subdivisions  Tolitoli Tomini
Linguistic classification  Austronesian Malayo-Polynesian Nuclear MP Celebic Tomini–Tolitoli

The Tomini–Tolitoli languages are a proposed group of languages spoken off the Gulf of Tomini and the district of Tolitoli in northern Central Sulawesi province, Indonesia. It has not yet been demonstrated that the two branches are closer to each other than to other languages of Sulawesi, but this is widely expected to be the case.

Contents

Languages

The following tentative classification of the Tomini–Tolitoli languages is from Himmelmann (2001:20).

  • Tolitoli
  • Totoli
  • Boano
  • Tomini
  • Northern Tomini
  • Ampibabo
  • Lauje
  • Tialo (Tomini)
  • Dondo
  • Southern Tomini
  • Balaesang
  • Pendau
  • Dampelas
  • Taje (Petapa)
  • Tajio
  • Totoli and Boano are closely related to each other but diverge very much from the other languages in terms of lexicon, phonology, and other areas. These two languages may have been influenced by the Gorontalic languages and also more recently by South Sulawesi languages such as Bugis and Makassar (Himmelmann 2001:20).

    Demographics

    The demographics below are from Himmelmann (2001:18).

    West Coast
  • Balaesang: 3,200
  • Pendau (Ndau): 3,200
  • Dampelas (Dampal): 10,300
  • Dondo: 13,000
  • Totoli (Tolitoli): 25,000
  • East Coast
  • Taje (Petapa): 350
  • Ampibabo-Lauje: 6,000
  • Tajio (Kasimbar): 12,000
  • Lauje (Tinombo): 38,000
  • Tialo (Tomini): 30,000
  • Boano (Bolano): 2,700
  • Total
    145,000

    References

    Tomini–Tolitoli languages Wikipedia


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