Supriya Ghosh (Editor)

Tityra

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Kingdom  Animalia
Scientific name  Tityra
Rank  Genus
Family  Tityridae
Phylum  Chordata
Order  Passerine
Tityra neotropicalbirdscornelleduportalimageimageg
Lower classifications  Masked tityra, Black‑crowned tityra, Black‑tailed tityra

Masked tityra tityra semifasciata pair at their nest pnn tatam colombia


The tityras are passerine birds in the genus Tityra of the family Tityridae. They are found from southern Mexico, through Central America, to northern and central South America, including Trinidad.

Contents

These are medium-sized birds, typically around 20–25 centimetres (7.9–9.8 in) long, with large bills. The adult males are greyish-white above and white below, except for the wings and tail which are at least partially black. The males of all three species also have black head markings. The females are similar, but are duller, with browner or greyer head markings. The black-tailed and the masked tityra both have a conspicuous red eye-ring and base of the bill.

Tityra Masked Tityra Tityra semifasciata videos photos and sound

Plate 38 manakins becards cotinga and tityras


Behavior

Tityra antpittacom Photo Gallery Tityras

These species are found in forest clearings and edges, second growth and other semi-open habitats such as plantation shade trees. The eggs are laid in a bed of dry leaves in a tree hole, often an old woodpecker nest. The female incubates alone, but both parents feed the chicks. Fledging takes up to 25 days.

Tityra Blacktailed Tityra Tityra cayana Photo Contest Entry

Tityras are seen alone or in pairs, perched conspicuously as they feed on medium-sized fruits, large insects and sometimes small lizards. They have unmusical nasal grunting or buzzing calls.

Taxonomy

Tityra Masked Tityra TITYRA SEMIFASCIATA

The tityras have traditionally been placed in the cotinga or the tyrant flycatcher family, but evidence strongly suggest they are better placed in Tityridae, where now placed by SACC. The black-crowned tityra is sometimes placed in a separate genus Erator.

  • Black-tailed tityra, Tityra cayana
  • Brazilian tityra, Tityra cayana braziliensis
  • Masked tityra, Tityra semifasciata
  • Black-crowned tityra, Tityra inquisitor

  • Tityra Masked Tityra Tityra semifasciata

    Another species, the white-tailed tityra (Tityra leucura), is generally considered a variant of the black-crowned tityra, but recent evidence suggests it may be a valid species restricted to the Brazilian Amazon near the Madeira River.

    Tityra Blackcrowned Tityra Tityra inquisitor HBW Alive

    References

    Tityra Wikipedia


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