Puneet Varma (Editor)

Timeline of Buenos Aires

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This is a timeline of the history of the city of Buenos Aires, Argentina.

Contents

Prior to 19th century

  • 1580 - Fort built by Juan de Garay.
  • 1591 - Dominican monastery established.
  • 1604 - San Francisco monastery established.
  • 1611 - Men's Hospital founded.
  • 1620 - Town becomes capital of Buenos Aires Province.
  • 1671 - Cathedral inaugurated.
  • 1711 - Cabildo built.
  • 1716 - Granted the royal motto Most Noble and Loyal ("Muy Noble y muy Leal")
  • 1720 - Recoleta church built.
  • 1722 - Completion of Saint Ignatius Church
  • 1727 - San Miguel church founded.
  • 1743 - Women's Hospital established.
  • 1744 - Las Monjas convent founded.
  • 1749 - San Juan convent established.
  • 1752 - Cathedral built.
  • 1755 - Female Orphan School established.
  • 1763 - Anglo-Portuguese invasion, part of the Seven Years' War, repelled by Viceroy Cevallos.
  • 1768 - Merced church built.
  • 1776 - City becomes capital of Viceroyalty of the Río de la Plata.
  • 1778 - "Free trade regulations" in effect.
  • 1779 - Foundling Asylum established.
  • 1794 - Consulado (merchant guild) established.
  • 1800s-1840s

  • 1801 - Telégrafo Mercantil newspaper begins publication.
  • 1806 - British briefly in power.
  • 1810
  • 18–25 May: May Revolution.
  • State Library established.
  • 1811 - Pirámide de Mayo monument built on the Plaza de Mayo.
  • 1815 - Academy of Jurisprudence founded.
  • 1821 - University of Buenos Aires founded.
  • 1822
  • Academy of Music founded.
  • Street names changed.
  • Northern Cemetery established.
  • 1823 - Museum of Buenos Ayres, Sociedad de Beneficencia, and Philharmonic Association founded.
  • 1829 - British Library established (approximate date).
  • 1832 - English Cemetery established.
  • 1833 - Victoria Theatre built.
  • 1838
  • 28 March: French blockade of the Río de la Plata begins.
  • Scotch Church built.
  • 1840 - French blockade of the Río de la Plata ends.
  • 1841 - Foreign Club established.
  • 1845 - Anglo-French blockade of the Río de la Plata begins.
  • 1847 - Lutheran Church built.
  • 1850s-1890s

  • 1850 - Anglo-French blockade of the Río de la Plata ends.
  • 1852
  • Board of Health, Faculty of Medicine, and Club del Progreso founded.
  • Yellow fever epidemic.
  • 1853
  • City becomes capital of State of Buenos Aires.
  • Germania club founded.
  • 1854 - Buenos Aires Stock Exchange, Society of Natural History of the Plate, and Gymnastic Club founded.
  • 1855 - Custom house built.
  • 1856
  • Mercado del Plata built.
  • Irish Convent of Sisters of Mercy established.
  • 1857
  • Teatro Colón opens.
  • Deaf and Dumb Institute founded.
  • 1858
  • Café Tortoni in business.
  • Poor Asylum, School of Catedral al Sur, and Maua Bank established.
  • School of medicine built.
  • Yellow fever epidemic.
  • 1859 - British Hospital and Convalecencia built.
  • 1860
  • Plaza del Retiro laid out.
  • Catedral al Norte (school) and Club del Plata founded.
  • Santa Catalina church built.
  • 1861
  • City becomes part of Argentine Confederation again.
  • Plaza del Parque public garden laid out.
  • Teutonia club founded.
  • Mercado del Comercio and Episcopal palace built.
  • 1862
  • Plaza Libertad laid out.
  • Archbishop's Palace built.
  • French Hospital and Irish Hospital established.
  • 1863
  • Congress-hall and Italian Hospital built.
  • London and River Plate Bank established.
  • 1864
  • Franco Argentine Theatre in business.
  • Lorea market, German Singing Academy, and Concordia club established.
  • 1865
  • Constitución railway station opens.
  • Coliseum concert-hall built.
  • Kranken-verein and Heimath club founded.
  • 1866 - Archepiscopal see and Mercado de Independencia established.
  • 1867
  • Cholera epidemic.
  • German Hospital Society, Mercado del Norte, and Thalia club founded.
  • 1868
  • Congregación Israelita Argentina founded.
  • Sanitary Institute opens.
  • 1869
  • La Prensa newspaper begins publication.
  • Population: 177,767.
  • 1870 - Yellow fever epidemic.
  • 1871
  • Yellow fever epidemic.
  • City fire department established.
  • 1873 - A la Ciudad de Londres department store in business.
  • 1875 - Parque Tres de Febrero inaugurated.
  • 1876 - Sociedad Estímulo de Bellas Artes (art society) and Buenos Aires Orchestral Society organized.
  • 1877
  • National Penitentiary inaugurated.
  • Café de Hansen in business.
  • 1879
  • Teatro Politeama (theatre) opens.
  • Rivadavia Library founded.
  • 1880 - City separated from Buenos Aires Province; Municipalidad de la Ciudad de Buenos Aires established.
  • 1882
  • Once railway station opens.
  • National Theatre built.
  • 1887
  • Belgrano and Flores become part of city.
  • Constitución railway station rebuilt.
  • 1888
  • Buenos Aires Zoo established.
  • Pizzurno Palace built.
  • 1890 - National Historical Museum opens.
  • 1891 - Rivera Indarte Theatre opens.
  • 1893 - Buenos Aires City Hall built.
  • 1894
  • The Water Company Palace built.
  • Musical Mutual Society organized.
  • 1895
  • Museo Nacional de Bellas Artes opens.
  • Population: 663,854.
  • 1897 - Puerto Madero constructed.
  • 1898
  • Buenos Aires Botanical Garden inaugurated.
  • Casa Rosada built.
  • 1900s-1940s

  • 1901 - Club Atlético River Plate formed.
  • 1904
  • Monument to Giuseppe Garibaldi inaugurated.
  • Population: 950,891.
  • 1905 - Club Atlético Boca Juniors formed.
  • 1906 - Congress hall built.
  • 1908 - Avenida Theatre opens.
  • 1909 - San Martín Palace built.
  • 1910
  • Exposición Internacional del Centenario held.
  • Customs House, Palace of Justice, and Congressional Plaza inaugurated.
  • 1911 - Hotel de Inmigrantes built.
  • 1912 - Cine Atlas Belgrano opens.
  • 1913
  • Buenos Aires Underground begins operating.
  • Diario Crítica newspaper begins publication.
  • 1914
  • Harrods Buenos Aires in business.
  • Population: 1,575,814.
  • 1915 - Retiro railway station opens.
  • 1916 - Buenos Aires Stock Exchange built.
  • 1917 - Confitería El Molino in business.
  • 1919
  • January: Tragic Week conflict.
  • Teatro Gran Splendid opens.
  • 1921 - Cervantes Theatre opens.
  • 1922 - Cine Catalunya opens.
  • 1923 - Palacio Barolo built.
  • 1925 - Puerto Nuevo opens.
  • 1936
  • Kavanagh building constructed.
  • Maldonado Stream tubed (approximate date).
  • 1937 - Teatro Gran Rex opens.
  • 1938 - Estadio Monumental opens.
  • 1945 - 17 October: Labor demonstration.
  • 1946 - Buenos Aires Philharmonic founded.
  • 1947 - Population: 4,798,670.
  • 1948 - Aeroparque Jorge Newbery opens.
  • 1949 - Ministro Pistarini International Airport built.
  • 1950s-1990s

  • 1950 - Alas Building constructed.
  • 1955
  • 16 June: Bombing of Plaza de Mayo.
  • Revolución Libertadora.
  • 1957 - Federico Lacroze railway station opens.
  • 1958 - Justo José de Urquiza monument inaugurated.
  • 1962 - 11 June: Villa Soldati level crossing train accident.
  • 1967 - Buenos Aires Japanese Gardens open.
  • 1968 - Galileo Galilei planetarium opens.
  • 1971 - Florida Street pedestrianized.
  • 1972 - Bombing of Sheraton Hotel.
  • 1973 - 20 June: Peronist shooting near Ezeiza Airport.
  • 1975
  • Buenos Aires International Book Fair begins.
  • Bombing of theatre.
  • 1976
  • 24 March: Coup d'état.
  • 2 April: Osvaldo Cacciatore becomes mayor.
  • 1977 - 30 April: Demonstrations by Mothers of the Plaza de Mayo begin.
  • 1978 - Argentine Council for International Relations founded.
  • 1979
  • 11 December: 1979 Copa América football tournament held.
  • Caseros Prison built.
  • 1980 - Centro Cultural Recoleta inaugurated.
  • 1982 - June: Catholic Pope John Paul II visits city.
  • 1987
  • April: Catholic Pope John Paul II visits city.
  • 12 July: 1987 Copa América Final football tournament held.
  • 1988 - Patio Bullrich shopping centre opens.
  • 1991 - Galerías Pacífico shopping centre opens.
  • 1992
  • 17 March: Bombing of Israeli embassy.
  • National Library building inaugurated.
  • 1994 - 18 July: Bombing of Argentine Israelite Mutual Association building.
  • 1996
  • Autonomous City of Buenos Aires established per 1994 amendment of the Argentine Constitution.
  • 30 June: Mayoral election takes place.
  • 1999
  • Buenos Aires International Festival of Independent Cinema begins.
  • Abasto de Buenos Aires shopping mall opens.
  • 2000s

  • 2000
  • King Fahd Islamic Cultural Center inaugurated.
  • El Ateneo Grand Splendid bookshop in business.
  • Aníbal Ibarra becomes Chief of Government of city.
  • 2001
  • Latin American Art Museum of Buenos Aires inaugurated.
  • Buenos Aires Fashion Week and Creamfields BA music festival begin.
  • Eloísa Cartonera founded.
  • December: Economic protest.
  • 2002
  • June: Economic protest.
  • Quilmes Rock music festival and Buenos Aires Jazz Festival begin.
  • 2004 - 30 December: República Cromañón nightclub fire.
  • 2005
  • Appetite (art gallery) opens.
  • El Faro Towers built.
  • 2006 - March: Aníbal Ibarra deposed; Jorge Telerman becomes Chief of Government of city.
  • 2007 - Mauricio Macri becomes Chief of Government of city.
  • 2008
  • Fortabat Art Collection opens.
  • Repsol-YPF tower built.
  • 2009 - Le Parc Figueroa Alcorta and Mulieris towers built.
  • 2010s

  • 2010
  • Municipal bicycle sharing program established.
  • Metropolitan Police department established.
  • Population: 2,891,082.
  • 2011
  • 24 July: 2011 Copa América Final football tournament held.
  • Metrobus begins operating.
  • 2012
  • 22 February: Train crash.
  • 4 April: F2 2012 Buenos Aires tornado
  • 2013
  • Jorge Mario Cardinal Bergoglio, Cardinal, Archbishop of Buenos Aires, is elected as Pope Francis, succeeding the retired Pope Benedict XVI

  • April: Flooding.
  • Computer Museum of Argentina opens.
  • References

    Timeline of Buenos Aires Wikipedia


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