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Theophanes the Greek

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Name  Theophanes Greek
Role  Artist
Died  1410

Theophanes the Greek Theophanes the Greek The Don Virgin Detail Olga39s Gallery
Similar People  Andrei Rublev, Dionisius, Simon Ushakov, Sergius of Radonezh, Afanasy Nikitin

Etude 2 8 theophanes the greek byzantine icon painter who worked in russia


Theophanes the Greek (sometimes "Feofan Grek" from the Russian: Феофан Грек, Greek: Θεοφάνης; c. 1340 – c. 1410) was a Byzantine Greek artist and one of the greatest icon painters of Muscovite Russia, and was noted as the teacher and mentor of the great Andrei Rublev.

Contents

Theophanes the Greek Frescoes by Theophanes the Greek

Andrei rublev against theophanes the greek


Life and work

Theophanes the Greek Theophanes the Greek The Virgin Olga39s Gallery

Theophanes was born in the capital of the Byzantine Empire, Constantinople. After studying Art and philosophy at the University of Constantinople, he moved to Novgorod in 1370, and in 1395 to Moscow. His style is considered unsurpassed in expression achieved by almost mono-colored painting. Some of his contemporaries observed that he appeared to be "painting with a broom", in reference to the bold, broad execution in some of his finest frescos (see St. Makarios of Egypt), which are unique in the larger Byzantine tradition. Theophanes was described by the Muscovites as "learned in philosophy", a reflection on his broad education and erudition. A hint of this might be gathered from his panel icon of the Transfiguration of Jesus, where the arresting geometry and brilliance of the figure of Christ is balanced against the ordered disarray of the earthbound Apostles, strewn about doll-like in the uncreated Light of Mount Tabor. The balance of mathematical harmony in line and shape, wed to a master's use of an earthtone palette and precious gold leaf, evokes a spirituality that is immensely powerful, and speaks to the genius of this relatively unknown painter.

Church works

Theophanes the Greek THEOPHANES the Greek

Theophanes decorated in fresco the walls and ceilings of many churches including:

Theophanes the Greek Frescoes by Theophanes the Greek
  • the Church of the Transfiguration on Ilin Street in Novgorod (1378)
  • the church of Nativity of Mary (1395) of the Moscow Kremlin together with Semen Chernij)
  • Archangel Cathedral of the Moscow Kremlin (1399)
  • The Cathedral of the Annunciation of the Moscow Kremlin (1405)
  • Icon works

    Theophanes the Greek wwwvarvarruenrussianarttheophanesthegreek

    Although he created panel icons, works attributed to Theophanes have become a topic of intense academic debate based on historical evidence. Prior to this debate, he was traditionally considered the author of famous panel icons, notably:

    Theophanes the Greek Theophanes the Greek Wikipedia the free encyclopedia
  • Our Lady of the Don (1380?)
  • Dormition of the Virgin Mary (1392)
  • The Virgin Mary and John the Baptist from the iconostasis of the Cathedral of the Annunciation in the Moscow Kremlin (1405?)
  • The Transfiguration (1408)
  • Gallery

    Theophanes the Greek File140010 Theophanes the Greek Transfiguration anagoria
    Frescoes

    Theophanes the Greek varvarru Russian art Theophanes the Greek Theophanes
    Panel icons
    these attributions are now controversial

    References

    Theophanes the Greek Wikipedia


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