Designated NHL April 15, 1970
Phone +1 504-568-6968
Added to NRHP 15 April 1970
|NRHP Reference # 70000257|
Designated NHLDCP December 21, 1965
Area 1,214 m²
Architectural style American Colonial
|Location 751 Chartres St., New Orleans, Louisiana|
Part of Vieux Carre Historic District (#66000377)
Address 751 Chartres St, New Orleans, LA 70116, USA
Hours Open today · 10AM–4:30PMSaturday10AM–4:30PMSunday10AM–4:30PMMondayClosedTuesday10AM–4:30PMWednesday10AM–4:30PMThursday10AM–4:30PMFriday10AM–4:30PMSuggest an edit
Similar The Cabildo, French Quarter, Louisiana State Museum, St Louis Cathedral, Jackson Square
The presbytere at the new orleans louisiana state museum
The Presbytère is an architecturally important building in the French Quarter of New Orleans, Louisiana. It stands facing Jackson Square, adjacent to the St. Louis Cathedral. Built in 1791 as a matching structure for The Cabildo, which flanks the cathedral on the other side, it is one of the nation's best examples of formal colonial Spanish architecture. It was designated a National Historic Landmark in 1970, and is now a property of the Louisiana State Museum.
Description and history
The Presbytère is located on the northwest side of Jackson Square, between the cathedral and St. Ann Street. It is a two story brick building, originally built with a flat roof that had a balustrade topped by urns. Its ground floor has a nine-bay open arcade of elliptical arches, with pilastered corners. The upper level also has arched openings, all articulated by pilasters, with multipane windows. The center three bays on both levels have engaged columns on either side, and are topped as a group by a gabled pediment. A dormered mansard roof was added in 1847, which is topped by a louvered cupola.
The Presbytère was designed in 1791 by Gilberto Guillemard to match the Cabildo, or Town Hall, on the other side of St. Louis Cathedral. By 1798, only the first floor had been completed, and its second floor was not completed until 1813. Originally called the Casa Curial (Ecclesiastical House), its name derives from the fact that it was built on the former site of the residence, or presbytére, of the Capuchin monks. While intended to house clergy, it was never used as a religious residence. The building initially was used for commercial purposes until 1834, when it was used by the Louisiana Supreme Court.
In 1853, cathedral officials sold the Presbytère to the city, and in 1908 the city sold it to the state. In 1911 it became part of the Louisiana State Museum. It was declared a National Historic Landmark in 1970.
In 2005, the cupola was replaced atop the Presbytère. The cupola had been missing since the New Orleans Hurricane of 1915.