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The New Babylon

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Music director  Dmitri Shostakovich
Duration  
Language  Russian
7.6/10 IMDb

Genre  Drama, History
Production  Lenfilm
Country  Soviet Union
The New Babylon movie poster

Director  Grigori Kozintsev Leonid Trauberg
Release date  18 March 1929 (1929-03-18)
Writer  Grigori Kozintsev, Leonid Trauberg
Directors  G. Kosinzew, Leonid Trauberg
Screenplay  G. Kosinzew, Leonid Trauberg
Cast  Sergei Gerasimov, Yelena Alexandrovna Kuzmina, Vsevolod Pudovkin, Janina Zejmo, Andrei Kostrichkin
Similar movies  Music by Dmitri Shostakovich, Soviet Union movies, Silent movies

The new babylon novyy vavilon 1929 a film by grigori kozintsev leonid trauberg hd 1080p


The New Babylon (Russian: Новый Вавилон, Novyy Vavilon alt. title: Russian: Штурм неба, Shturm neba) is a 1929 silent historical drama film written and directed by Grigori Kozintsev and Leonid Trauberg. The film deals with the 1871 Paris Commune and the events leading to it, and follows the encounter and tragic fate of two lovers separated by the barricades of the Commune.

Contents

The New Babylon The New Babylon

Composer Dmitri Shostakovich wrote his first film score for this movie. In the fifth reel of the score he quotes the revolutionary anthem, "La Marseillaise" (representing the Commune), juxtaposed contrapuntally with the famous "Can-can" from Offenbach's Orpheus in the Underworld.

Footage from The New Babylon was included in Guy Debord's feature film The Society of the Spectacle (1973).

Kozintsev and Trauberg found some of their inspiration in Karl Marx's The Civil War in France and The Class Struggle in France, 1848-50.

The new babylon 1929 movie


Background

As one of the directors, Leonid Trauberg, later admitted, the film as it stands is a little difficult to follow. Its subtitle Assault on the Heavens: Episodes from the Franco-Prussian War and the Paris Commune, 1870-71 makes it fairly obvious that it is a principally a political film, and not a love story. Some background knowledge of the Paris Commune is needed to understand what's going on around the two lovers.

After the disastrous Franco-Prussian war of 1870, the victorious Prussian forces briefly surrounded Paris, cutting it off from the rest of the country, while a civil war was waged between the right-wing bourgeois-backed government backed by the tattered remains of the defeated French army (caps with a regimental number on a light stripe), and the left-wing workers and their National Guard (dark caps). One of the scenes in the film features the old bronze cannons of the National Guard, which had been paid for by public subscription.

The defeated nationalist government fled in disarray to the old royal Palace of Versailles some fifteen miles outside Paris. The workers took over large areas of central Paris and organised a Commune under the red flag, the world's first attempt at communist government.

Synopsis

The film is set in the spring of 1871 during the time of the Paris Commune, immediately after the end of the Franco-Prussian War. Louise is employed as a salesperson in a wholesale store in Paris named "The New Babylon". She is involved in the Commune, against which Jean, a young man from the countryside with no political affiliations, has to fight as a soldier in the army controlled by the French government. Louise and Jean are in love with each other although they are on opposing sides, but their love has no place in a time of political turmoil. At the end of the film, Jean is ordered to dig a grave for Louise, who has been sentenced to death by the court.

Cast

  • Arnold Arnold - deputy
  • Sergei Gerasimov - journalist Loutro
  • David Gutman - owner of the shop "New Babylon"
  • Oleg Zhakov - member of the Paris Commune
  • Yanina Zhejmo - milliner Teresa
  • Andrei Kostrichkin - bailiff
  • Elena Kuzmina - saleswoman Louise
  • Sofiya Magarill - actress
  • Tamara Makarova - cancan dancer
  • Vsevolod Pudovkin - bailiff
  • Lyudmila Semyonova - cancan dancer
  • Pyotr Sobolevsky - soldier Jean
  • Eugene Chervyakov - soldier of the national guard
  • Production

    The New Babylon was staged with members of the "Factory of the Eccentric Actor" (FEKS) - an avant-garde artists' association founded by Kozintsev and Trauberg in 1922 that sought to create new paths in the performing arts. FEKS first began as a theater group, but in the following years, many of its members shaped the Russian-Soviet film history when working as actors, outfitters, and cinematographers. They wanted to get away from the naturalism and empathy aesthetics of bourgeois art, and saw Eccentrism (as laid out in Trauberg's Eccentric Manifesto) as a new direction within the avant-garde that sought to find a place between Futurism, Surrealism and Dadaist Constructivism.

    FEKS were influenced by street art and their cinematic preference was D. W. Griffith and Chaplin, not German expressionistic cinema of the early 1920s. "Yesterday: salons, obeisances, barons. Today: yells of newsboys, scandals, policeman's truncheon, noise, scream, stomping, running," declared Kosintsev and Trauberg in their Manifesto of the Eccentric Actor.

    Like Kosintsev and Trauberg, twenty-two year old Dmitri Shostakovich was a member of the film group of "FEKS", dedicated to the abolition of the borders between theater, film, circus, music hall and opera. In his musical score he used various musical forms: dance and operetta melodies as well as French folk music and revolutionary songs: Ça ira, La Carmagnole and La Marseillaise; it served as a leitmotif for the reactionary bourgeoisie and was used in various forms, such as can-can, waltz or gallop.

    The score, which bears the Opus number 18, was lost shortly after the premiere, and was only discovered again shortly after Shostakovitch's death in 1975.

    The Russian premiere of The New Babylon took place on 18 March 1929 in Leningrad.

    The score was of unprecedented complexity, and closely followed the fast cross-cuts of the film. Shostakovich himself performed the original solo piano score for two industry preview screenings. But the Sovkino censors ordered over 20% of the film to be removed, and attempts to re-edit the complex orchestral version of the score proved disastrous, with orchestras struggling to perform it. A copy of the piano score, originally intended for smaller cinemas, was rediscovered, and had its first live public performance on 25 March 2017 at the Barbican Centre in London.

    References

    The New Babylon Wikipedia
    The New Babylon IMDb The New Babylon themoviedb.org