Puneet Varma

Tepe Yahya

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Tepe yahya


Tepe Yahya is an archaeological site in Kermān Province, Iran, some 220 km south of Kerman city, 90 km south of Baft city and 90 km south-west of Jiroft.

Contents

Tepe Yahya 88022 Tepe Yahya large

History

Habitation spans the 6th to 2nd millennia BCE and the 10th to 4th centuries BCE.

Tepe Yahya Expedition Magazine The Early Bronze Age of Iran as Seen from Tepe

In the 3rd millennium BCE, the city was a production center of chlorite pottery; these carved dark stone vessels have been found in ancient Mesopotamian temples.

Tepe Yahya Expedition Magazine The Early Bronze Age of Iran as Seen from Tepe

"Elaborate stone vessels carved with repeating designs, both geometric and naturalistic, in an easily recognizable “intercultural style”, were made primarily of chlorite; a number were produced at the important site of Tepe Yahya (Yaḥyā) southeast of Kermān in the middle and late 3rd millennium b.c.e. Some of these vessels were painted natural color (dark green) and inlaid with pastes and shell, and some have even been found with cuneiform inscriptions referring to rulers and known Sumerian deities. More than 500 vessels and vessel fragments carved in this style have been recovered from sites ranging from Uzbekistan and the Indus Valley (e.g., Mohenjo-daro) in the east to Susa and all the major Sumerian sites in Mesopotamia, including Mari, in the west and to the Persian Gulf, particularly Tarut and the Failaka Islands, in the south."

In this period, the area was under Elamite influence, and tablets with Proto-Elamite inscriptions were found.

Archaeology

Tepe Yahya Expedition Magazine The Early Bronze Age of Iran as Seen from Tepe

The site is a circular mound, around 20 meters in height and around 187 meters in diameter. It was excavated in six seasons from 1967 to 1975 by the American School of Prehistoric Research of the Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology of Harvard University in a joint operation with what is now the Shiraz University. The expedition was under the direction of C. C. Lamberg-Karlovsky.

Periodization is as follows:

Tepe Yahya Culture of Iran history people clothing traditions womenPeriod I Sasanian pre: 200 BC-400 A.D. Period II Achaemenian(?): 275-500 B.C. Period III Iron Age: 500-1000 B.C. Period IV A Elamite?: 2200-2500 B.C. IV B Proto-Elamite: 2500-3000 B.C. IV C Proto-Elamite: 3000-3400 B.C. Period V Yahya Culture: 3400-3800 B.C. Period VI Coarse Ware-Neolithic: 3800-4500 B.C. Period VII: 4500-5500 B.C.

Period VI in Yahya (4500-3800 BC, or perhaps 5000-4700 BC) is contemporary with the early Bakun culture in Fars Province.

Konar Sandal

Konar Sandal is located 55 miles north of Yahya and is culturally similar. Both cities traded with Mesopotamia. According to archaeologist Massimo Vidale, Indus civilization weights, seals, and etched carnelian beads were found in the area, demonstrating the connections between these two cultures.

Finds

An object, possibly a stylus (for use of producing writing).

References

Tepe Yahya Wikipedia


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