Puneet Varma

Tellurobismuthite

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Category  Sulfide mineral
Strunz classification  2.DC.05
Space group  R3m
Formula (repeating unit)  Bi2Te3
Crystal system  Trigonal
Crystal class  Hexagonal scalenohedral (3m) H-M symbol: (3 2/m)

Tellurobismuthite is a telluride mineral: bismuth telluride (Bi2Te3). It crystallizes in the trigonal system. There are natural cleavage planes in the (0001) direction as the crystal is effectively lamellar (layered) in that plane. The Mohs hardness is 1.5 - 2 and the specific gravity is 7.815. It is a dull grey color, which exhibits a splendent luster on fresh cleavage planes.

Discovery and occurrence

It was first described in 1815 and type localities include the Mosnap mine in Toke, Telemark, Norway; the Little Mildred mine, Sylvanite District, Hidalgo County, New Mexico and the Boly Field Mine, Dahlonega, Lumpkin County, Georgia.

It occurs in low sulfur hydrothermal gold-quartz veins and occurs with native gold, native bismuth, gold tellurides, tetradymite, altaite, chalcopyrite and pyrrhotite.

References

Tellurobismuthite Wikipedia


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