Trisha Shetty

Telfair County Courthouse and Jail

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Built  1902 (1902)
NRHP Reference #  95000720
Area  6,100 m²
Built by  A. E. Aittner
Opened  1902
Added to NRHP  8 June 1995
Telfair County Courthouse and Jail httpsuploadwikimediaorgwikipediacommonsthu
Location  Courthouse Sq., McRae-Helena, Georgia
MPS  Georgia County Courthouses TR
Architectural style  Colonial Revival architecture

The Telfair County, Georgia Courthouse in McRae-Helena was built in 1934 using the walls of the previous courthouse, lost to fire earlier that year. The nearby Telfair County Jail was built in 1902. The courthouse and jail were added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1995.

Contents

History

Telfair county, named for Governor Edward Telfair, was established in 1807. Its first two courthouses, one of log, the other a two-story wooden building, were located in the original county seat at Jacksonville. Jacksonville, with its plantation economy and river landing, was replaced as county seat in 1870 by McRae, located on the Macon and Brunswick Railroad.

The third courthouse, the first in McRae, was a frame building built in 1872 or 1873, and was replaced by a brick courthouse in 1888. That courthouse burned around 1900 and was replaced by Telfair's fifth courthouse, again of brick, in 1904. It burned in 1934 and was replaced by the current, sixth, courthouse later that year using the walls of the 1904 building.

The jail was built in 1902 near the eventual location of the 1904 courthouse. It was the first brick jail in the county.

Architecture

The courthouse, in the Colonial Revival-style, is a two-story brick building. The main entrance features three arched entryways and an in antis portico. The side and rear entrances are pedimented with transoms and double doors.

The jail is a two-story brick building with hipped roof, four chimneys, center front gable, and an enclosed front porch. There is decorative brick detailing along the cornice.

The Macon, Georgia architecture firm of Dennis & Dennis designed the courthouse, as well as the Emanuel County and Peach County courthouses, both listed on the National Register of Historic Places. The Telfair County Courthouse and Jail were added to the register in 1995.

References

Telfair County Courthouse and Jail Wikipedia


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