Supriya Ghosh

Telecommunications in Bulgaria

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Telecommunications in Bulgaria

Telecommunications in Bulgaria include radio, television, fixed and mobile telephones, and the Internet.

Contents

Radio and television

  • Radio broadcast stations: AM 31, FM 63, shortwave 2 (2001).
  • Radio broadcast hours: 525,511 (2003).
  • Television broadcast stations: 39 (2001).
  • Television broadcast hours: 498,091 (2003).
  • Telephones

  • Main lines in use: 2.3 million (2007).
  • Mobile cellular: 9.87 million lines, 110% penetration rate (2007).
  • Telephone system:
  • General assessment: an extensive but antiquated telecommunications network inherited from the Soviet era; quality has improved; the Bulgaria Telecommunications Company's fixed-line monopoly terminated in 2005 when alternative fixed-line operators were given access to its network; a drop in fixed-line connections in recent years has been more than offset by a sharp increase in mobile-cellular telephone use fostered by multiple service providers; the number of cellular telephone subscriptions now exceeds the population
  • Domestic: a fairly modern digital cable trunk line now connects switching centers in most of the regions; the others are connected by digital microwave radio relay
  • International: country code – 359; submarine cable provides connectivity to Ukraine and Russia; a combination submarine cable and land fiber-optic system provides connectivity to Italy, Albania, and Macedonia; satellite earth stations – 3 (1 Intersputnik in the Atlantic Ocean region, 2 Intelsat in the Atlantic and Indian Ocean regions) (2007).
  • Internet

  • Top-level domains: .bg and .бг (proposed, Cyrillic).
  • Internet users:
  • 3.9 million users, 72nd in the world; 55.1% of the population, 74th in the world (2012);
  • 3.4 million users, 63rd in the world (2009);
  • 1.9 million users (2007).
  • Fixed broadband: 1.2 million subscriptions, 52nd in the world; 17.6% of population, 53rd in the world (2012).
  • Wireless broadband: 2.8 million, 55th in the world; 40.3% of the population, 41st in the world (2012).
  • Internet hosts:
  • 976,277 hosts, 47th in the world (2012);
  • 513,470 (2008).
  • IPv4: 4.2 million addresses allocated, 0.1% of the world total, 589.7 addresses per 1000 people, 51st in the world (2012).
  • References

    Telecommunications in Bulgaria Wikipedia


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