Sneha Girap

Taurage

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Country  Lithuania
Area  15.7 km2
Capital  Taurage CountyTaurage district municipality
Population  26,444 (2011)

Taurage (  ; see other names) is an industrial city in Lithuania, and the capital of Taurage County. In 2011, its population was 26,444. Taurage is situated on the Jura River, close to the border with the Kaliningrad Oblast, and not far from the Baltic Sea coast.

Contents

Map of Taurage

Taurage received its city charter in 1932, and its coat of arms (a silver hunting horn in a red field) in 1997. Notable buildings in the city include the neo-Gothic Radziwill palace - "the castle" (currently housing a school and regional museum Santaka) and several churches: the Lutheran (built in 1843), the Orthodox (1853) and the Catholic churches (1904). A ceramics manufacturing plant operates in the city.

Taurage lithuania


History

One of the major residences of the Radziwill family since 1655, the city has been a center of Lutheranism in Lithuania. From 1691 until 1795, Taurage belonged to Brandenburg-Prussia, after the marriage of Margrave Ludwig of Brandenburg with Princess Ludwika Karolina Radziwill. Afterwards, the city became part of the Russian Empire.

Tsar Alexander I of Russia, signed an armistice with Napoleon I in Taurage on June 21, 1807, that was soon to be followed with the Treaties of Tilsit. On December 30, 1812, the Prussian General Yorck, signed the Convention of Tauroggen, declaring his troops neutral, that effectively ended the fragile Franco-Prussian alliance during the French invasion of Russia. In 1836, much of the city was destroyed by a fire. Honore de Balzac stayed in Taurage in 1843.

In 1915, a significant part of the citys infrastructure was destroyed by German troops during World War I. On September 9, 1927, there was a rebellion against the rule of President Antanas Smetona, but the revolt was quickly suppressed. After the Soviet annexation of Lithuania in 1940, the "Taurage Castle" was a place of imprisonment for Lithuanian political dissidents and Polish POWs. Many local inhabitants, including the parents and relatives of Roman Abramovich, were exiled to Siberia during the Soviet occupation in 1940. This saved the family from the Holocaust. When Operation Barbarossa commenced on June 22, 1941, the Soviets retreated, and Taurage was captured by the German Wehrmacht on the same day. About 4,000 Jews were murdered in Taurage and nearby villages. In the autumn of 1944, the German occupation ended with the Soviets replacing them with a renewed occupation lasting until 1990.

References

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