Tasikmalaya (Chinese: 打橫; pinyin: Dǎhéng) is a city in West Java province, Indonesia. The city is sometimes dubbed "the City of a Thousand Pesantrens" for its abundance of Islamic boarding schools. Located around 120 kilometres (75 mi) southeast from the provincial capital of Bandung, Tasikmalaya is passed by Indonesian National Route 3.
The city is located in the mountainous Preanger region of Java at an elevation of 351 metres (1,151 feet).
The population of the city (excluding the Tasikmalaya Regency, which surrounds the city to the west, south and east) was 635,464 according to the 2010 Census, the latest official (as at 2015) is 808,506. Its built-up (or metro) area made of Tasikmalaya City and 14 districts spread on Tasikmalaya and Ciamis regencies was home to 1,339,891 inhabitants as of 2010 census.
The population of the city Tasikmalaya according to the census in the year 2005 was 579.671 people, and in 2010 increased to 635.464. For the latest data population of the city increased to 808.506 people in 2015.
The city of Tasikmalaya was the site of a widely reported riot in late December 1996. Four people were killed and several churches and dozens of mostly Chinese-owned businesses were destroyed in the violence, which was triggered by allegations of police brutality. It was also fueled by frustration with allegedly corrupt local government officials. The event was among the earliest of many riots with religion- and class-based undertones that occurred in Java during the late 1990s.
On 5 April 1982, the volcano of Gunung Galunggung erupted about 24 km from the city, causing major damage through lahar and ash projection, and forcing a temporary evacuation of the area.
On 2 September 2009 a magnitude 7 earthquake struck, destroying a number of buildings in the city and killing several people.
On 26 June 2010, a magnitude 6.3 earthquake struck Tasikmalaya at 4:45pm Waktu Indonesia Barat (WIB). No injuries or destroyed buildings were reported.
On 20 May 2012, a magnitude 5 earthquake struck. It happened at 07:37pm Waktu Indonesia Barat (WIB). No injuries or destroyed buildings were reported.
A toll road is planned to be built in 2018 connecting Tasikmalaya and Bandung's Ring Road 2.
Wiriadinata Airport in Cibeureum (also called Cibeureum Airport) is a military airport, but on June 9, 2017 becomes military airport with civil airport enclave. With 1,200 meters runway length, it can accommodate CN 295 (military) airplanes with 95 passengers. It can also accommodate ATR 72 commercial airplane.Mu'min Ainul Mubarak