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Tachisme

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Mathieu georges 1921 2012 art informel tachisme french


Tachisme (alternative spelling: Tachism, derived from the French word tache, stain) is a French style of abstract painting popular in the 1940s and 1950s. The term is said to have been first used with regards to the movement in 1951. It is often considered to be the European equivalent to abstract expressionism, although there are stylistic differences (American Abstract expressionism tended to be more "aggressively raw" than tachisme). It was part of a larger postwar movement known as Art Informel (or Informel), which abandoned geometric abstraction in favour of a more intuitive form of expression, similar to action painting. Another name for Tachism is Abstraction lyrique (related to American Lyrical Abstraction). COBRA is also related to Tachisme, as is Japan's Gutai group.

Contents

Tachisme When your inside39s out by tachisme on DeviantArt

After World War II the term School of Paris often referred to Tachisme, the European equivalent of American abstract expressionism. Important proponents were Jean-Paul Riopelle, Wols, Jean Dubuffet, Pierre Soulages, Nicolas de Staël, Hans Hartung, Gérard Schneider, Serge Poliakoff, Georges Mathieu and Jean Messagier, among several others. (See list of artists below.)

Tachisme When your inside39s out by tachisme on DeviantArt

According to Chilvers, the term tachisme "was first used in this sense in about 1951 (the French critics Charles Estienne and Pierre Guéguen have each been credited with coining it) and it was given wide currency by [French critic and painter] Michel Tapié in his book Un Art autre (1952)."

Tachisme unknown title Artist Wols Style Tachisme Genre abstract painting

Tachisme was a reaction to Cubism and is characterized by spontaneous brushwork, drips and blobs of paint straight from the tube, and sometimes scribbling reminiscent of calligraphy.

Tachisme Self portrait by tachisme on DeviantArt

Tachisme is closely related to Informalism or Art Informel, which, in its 1950s French art-critical context, referred not so much to a sense of "informal art" as "a lack or absence of form itself"–non-formal or un-form-ulated–and not a simple reduction of formality or formalness. Art Informel was more about the absence of premeditated structure, conception or approach (sans cérémonie) than a mere casual, loosened or relaxed art procedure.

Tachisme Tachisme Art Informel History Characteristics

Alfred otto wolfgang schulze 1913 1951 surrealism tachisme art informel german


Artists

Tachisme Tachisme Wikipedia
  • Pierre Alechinsky (born 1927) – Cobra group
  • Karel Appel (1921-2006) – Cobra group
  • Frank Avray Wilson (1914-2009)
  • Jean René Bazaine (1904–2001)
  • Roger Bissière (1888–1964)
  • Ferruccio Bortoluzzi (1920-2007)
  • Norman Bluhm (1921-1999) – American associated with this movement
  • Bram Bogart (1921-2012) – Cobra group
  • Alexander Bogen (1916-2010)
  • Denis Bowen (1921-2006)
  • Camille Bryen (1902–1977)
  • Alberto Burri (1915–1995)
  • Beauford Delaney (1901–1979) – American associated with this movement
  • Jean Dubuffet (1901–1985)
  • Agenore Fabbri (1911 - 1998)
  • Jean Fautrier (1898–1964)
  • Lucio Fontana (1899–1968)
  • Sam Francis (1923–1994) – American associated with this movement
  • Elaine Hamilton (1920–2010) – American associate of Tapié, influenced by this movement
  • Hans Hartung (1904–1989)
  • Laurent Jiménez-Balaguer (born 1928)
  • Paul Jenkins (1923-2012) – American associated with this movement
  • Asger Jorn (1914-1973) – Cobra group
  • Karel Kuklík (born 1937) – Czech photographer regarded as a representative of Informel in photography.
  • René Laubies (1922–2006)
  • André Lanskoy (1902–1976)
  • François Lanzi (1916-1988)
  • Georges Mathieu (1921-2012)
  • Jean Messagier (1920-1999)
  • Henri Michaux (1899–1984)
  • Jean Miotte (born 1926)
  • Ludwig Merwart (1913–1979)
  • Ernst Wilhelm Nay (1902–1968) – German influenced by this movement
  • Gen Paul (1895–1975)
  • Serge Poliakoff (1906–1969)
  • Marie Raymond (1908-1989)
  • Jean-Paul Riopelle (1923-2002)
  • Maria Helena Vieira da Silva (1908–1992)
  • Emilio Scanavino (1922–1986)
  • Gérard Schneider (1896–1986)
  • Emil Schumacher (1912-1999)
  • Pierre Soulages (born 1919)
  • Nicolas de Staël (1914–1955)
  • Pierre Tal-Coat (1905-1985) - French
  • Michel Tapié (1909-1987)
  • Antoni Tàpies (1923-2012)
  • Bram van Velde (1895–1981)
  • Louis Van Lint (1909-1986)
  • François Willi Wendt (1909-1970)
  • Wols (Alfred Otto Wolfgang Schulze) (1913–1951)
  • Zao Wou Ki (1921-2013)

  • Tachisme 1000 images about Tachism on Pinterest Stains Tachisme and Zen
    Tachisme 1000 images about Tachism on Pinterest Stains Tachisme and Zen

    References

    Tachisme Wikipedia


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