Rahul Sharma (Editor)

Taï Forest ebolavirus

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Covid-19
Group  Group V ((−)ssRNA)
Family  Filoviridae
Higher classification  Ebolavirus
Order  Mononegavirales
Genus  Ebolavirus
Rank  Species
Similar  Filoviridae, Cuevavirus, Marburgvirus, Franquet's epauletted fruit bat, Little collared fruit bat

The species Taï Forest ebolavirus is a virological taxon included in the genus Ebolavirus, family Filoviridae, order Mononegavirales. The species has a single virus member, Taï Forest virus (TAFV). The members of the species are called Taï Forest ebolaviruses.

Tai Forest ebolavirus, has been seen in a single human infection due to contact chimpanzee from the Tai Forest in Ivory Coast.

Nomenclature

The name Taï Forest ebolavirus (/tɑː’iː ‘fɔːrɨst iːˌboʊlə’vɑɪrəs/) is derived from Parc National de Taï (the name of a national park in Côte d'Ivoire, where Taï Forest virus was first discovered) and the taxonomic suffix ebolavirus (which denotes an ebolavirus species). According to the rules for taxon naming established by the International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses (ICTV), the name Taï Forest ebolavirus is always to be capitalized, italicized, never abbreviated, and to be preceded by the word "species". The names of its members (Taï Forest ebolaviruses) are to be capitalized, are not italicized, and used without articles.

The species was introduced in 1998 as Cote d'Ivoire Ebola virus. In 2002, the name was changed to Cote d'Ivoire ebolavirus. The name was proposed to be changed to Taï Forest ebolavirus in 2010, and this proposal was immediately accepted by the ICTV.

A virus of the genus Ebolavirus is a member of the species Taï Forest ebolavirus if:

  • it is endemic in Côte d'Ivoire
  • it has a genome with three gene overlaps (VP35/VP40, GP/VP30, VP24/L)
  • it has a genomic sequence different from Ebola virus by ≥30% but different from that of Taï Forest virus by <30%.
  • References

    Taï Forest ebolavirus Wikipedia


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