Samiksha Jaiswal (Editor)

Svetoslav Suronja

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Reign  997–1000
Father  Stephen Držislav
Died  1000 AD
Predecessor  Stephen Držislav
Religion  Christian
Children  Stjepan Svetoslavić
Successor  Krešimir III of Croatia and Gojslav of Croatia
House  House of Trpimirović, founder of House of Svetoslavić
Parents  Stephen Držislav of Croatia
Grandchild  Demetrius Zvonimir of Croatia
Grandparents  Michael Krešimir II of Croatia, Helen of Zadar
Great grandchildren  Prince Radovan, Princess Klaudija
Similar  Krešimir III of Croatia, Stephen Držislav of Croatia, Demetrius Zvonimir of Croatia, Helen of Zadar, Irene Doukaina Laskarina

Svetoslav suronja

Svetoslav Suronja ([sʋětoslaʋ sǔːroɲa]), was King of Croatia from 997 to 1000. A member of the Trpimirović dynasty, he reigned with the help of his ban, Varda. John the Deacon (d. 1009) called him Surinja (Latin: Surigna), adopted in Croatian historiography as Suronja, meaning "dark man" or "cold man", probably due to his temper. He was the oldest son of king Stjepan Držislav, from whom he received the title of Duke, and was designated as his successor.



After the death of their father, his brothers Krešimir and Gojslav started organizing a rebellion against him since Svetoslav rejected sharing power over the kingdom. The brothers had asked Bulgarian emperor Samuil for aid, even though the emperor was at war with the Byzantine Empire. In the war, the Byzantines were supported by Venice and Svetoslav Suronja, who had continued his father's policy. Samuil had accepted the revolters' invitation and attacked Croatia in 998, which started the last of three Croatian-Bulgarian wars. In his rampage, he took all of Croatian Dalmatia up to Zadar after which he ended his rampage, returning home to Bulgaria through Bosnia. Samuil gave all the territory he took to the revolters Krešimir and Gojslav. Using this newly gained territory and further Bulgarian aid, the brothers overthrew their elder brother, Svetoslav Suronja, and became rulers of Croatia.

War with Venice

Svetoslav's reign was particularly unpleasant for the Dalmatian cities, as they were occasionally raided and pillaged by his supporters. The cities asked the Venetian Republic for help in autumn of 999, which encouraged Venice to make a pact with the Byzantine Empire in order to secure the cities for themselves. Using events like the casus belli, the Venetian Doge Pietro II Orseolo launched a campaign in Dalmatia against Croatia in 1000. During May, Croatia lost the islands Cres, Lošinj, Krk and Rab to the Doge, who was eventually received in Zadar and recognised as its master. Svetoslav sent envoys to the city offering peace, but the Doge declined and decided to further his campaign. From here the island Pašman was taken and, with negotiations, the city of Biograd.

Svetoslav's descendant, Dmitar Zvonimir, will later become the Croatian king in 1074.


Svetoslav Suronja Wikipedia

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