Siddhesh Joshi

Surandai

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Country  India
State  Tamil Nadu

Language spoken  Tamil
District  Tirunelveli
Surandai in the past, History of Surandai

Map of Surandai

Surandai is a panchayat town in Tirunelveli district in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu.

Contents

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History

Surandai is located in the Veerakeralampudur taluk of Tirunelveli, at the foot of the Western Ghats. Surandai panchayat town comprised main Surandai and KeelaSurandai, Aladipatti, Bangalow Surandai, Kurungavanam and some of Anaikulam (Pavanasapuram). The first surandai name was Raja Sooriya Nallur next changed Suranthai some recently 50 years called surandai.

Polygar rule and the Revolts

As the Dalavay Mudali, the governor of Tirunelveli, became increasingly independent of Madurai during the time of troubles that began in 1732, the Marava polygars of the province openly defied the Dalavay’s authority and stopped paying tribute. Polygar Kattari Velladurai was the leader of the defiant polygars from Vadagarai, Nerkattumseval ruled by Puli Thevar and Sivagiri. Surandai was one of the palayams that joined Puli Thevar’s coalition in 1754-1762 but abandoned the cause before the polygars’ final defeat in 1762. When Kollamkondan again rebelled in 1764, following the execution of Yusuf Khan for having betrayed the nawab, Surandai was quick to join. Victories over the Anglo-Nawabi forces helped the revolt spread to other polygars. At the end of the First Polygar War in 1799, the polygar of Surandai surrendered one fort and 61 armed men to Major J. Bannerman. Presently the major denomination of the panchayat is controlled by Nadar community people and the next Majority people is Senaithalaivar.

Zamindari

The Palaiyam survived into the 19th century as a Zamindari; at the time of the permanent settlement of 1802, Polygar Sulava Tevar held seven villages. In 1879, the zamindari had an area of 1.34 sq. miles, and a population of 2,580; it was bought by Uthumalai and annexed to that estate in 1874.

Post Independence

Surandai post independence has grown as a commercial town and fastest-growing commercial hub of west tirunelveli stretch.

Geography

Surandai is located at 8.97°N 77.4°E / 8.97; 77.4. It has an average elevation of 132 metres (433 feet). It is situated 20 km from Courtallam falls a famous tourist spot for water falls and hiking, 12 km away from Tenkasi and 50 km from Tirunelveli, District Head.It is 30 km away from sankarankovil. The nearest railway station is Tenkasi and the nearest airport is Madurai, 138 km from Surandai. Surandai panchayat town comprised Surandai and KeelaSurandai, anai kulam , kurungavanam , kulayaneri , kadayalurutti , Aladipatti, kurichanpatti , vadiur , karayalanoor , mariyathai puram , paranguntra puram , kalinga Patti , achan kundram ,Bangalow Surandai and part of Ammayapuram. Surandai, which was once a village with primarily agricultural and Palm tree cultivation with allied activities, presently has grown into a bustling centre for complete trade and business for nearby Panchayats.

Demographics

As of 2007 India census, Surandai Panchayat had a population of 28,135. Males constitute 50% of the population and females 50%. Surandai has an average literacy rate of 65%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 73%, and female literacy is 57%. In Surandai, 12% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Notable residents

Famous Hard worker Shri.S.Velayutha Nadar was born in Keela Surandai. His contribution to the development of Surandai is a remarkable one.Founder of Jesus Calls ministries is a private religious coversion organisation convert huge Hindus into Christians by its consistent effort and founded Karunya University in Coimbatore by Christian bigshot D. G. S. Dhinakaran. He was born in Keelasurandai. He started his carrier as a clerk in State Bank of India. His "Ilam Pankalar Thittam " collected huge donations from poor farmers and beedi workers in and around Tirunelveli District.Now Jesus Calls run by his heir Paul Dhinakaran.

Temples

  • Alagu Parvathy Amman Temple
  • Amman Temple, Sivagurunatha Puram
  • Logamatha Temple in Keela surandai
  • Srinivasa Perumal Temple in Keela surandai
  • Schools and colleges

  • Jawaharlal Middle School
  • baren bruck higher secondary school
  • Rajendra wisdom school
  • TDTA Middle School
  • Shri Jeyendra High School

  • Perunthalaivar Kamarajar Government Girls Higher Secondary
  • A.G matriculation school
  • kamarajar government arts college surandai
  • References

    Surandai Wikipedia


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