Samiksha Jaiswal (Editor)


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Kingdom  Animalia
Family  †Bohaiornithidae
Rank  Genus
Clade  †Enantiornithes
Phylum  Chordata
Similar  Zhouornis, Bohaiornis, Enantiornithes, Bohaiornithidae, Rapaxavis

F ssil comprova que p ssaros voaram sobre os dinossauros sulcavis geeorum

Sulcavis is a genus of enantiornithine bird. One species is named, Sulcavis geeorum. The fossil was found in Early Cretaceous (121-125 million years ago) rocks in Liaoning Province, China.


Sulcavis is the first discovery of a bird with ornamented tooth enamel. The enantiornithines are unique among birds in showing minimal tooth reduction and a diversity of dental patterns. This new enantiornithine has robust teeth with grooves on the inside surface, which likely strengthened the teeth against harder food items. No previous bird species have preserved ridges, striations, serrated edges, or any other form of dental ornamentation.


The holotype of Sulcavis, BMNH Ph-000805, is discovered near the town of Lamadong, in Liaoning Province, China. The fossil was found in the Yixian Formation, an Early Cretaceous rock formation. . The genus was described on January 9, 2013 in an article that was published in the Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology by Jingmai Kathleen O'Connor, Yuguang Zhang, Luis Maria Chiappe, Qingjin Meng, Li Quanguo and Liu Di.

The type species of the new genus was named Sulcavis geeorum by the team of scientists. De genus name comes from the Latin words "sulcus" (groove) and "avis" (bird), reflecting the unusual dental characteristics of the genus. The species name is to honour the Gee family from La Cañada (US) "because of their generous contributions to the research of Mesozoic birds".


The cladogram below follows O’Connor et al., 2013 phylogenetic analysis.


Sulcavis Wikipedia