Suvarna Garge (Editor)

Strain 121

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Domain  Archaea
Phylum  Crenarchaeota
Family  Pyrodictiaceae
Scientific name  Geogemma barossii
Rank  Species
Kingdom  Crenarchaeota
Order  Desulfurococcales
Genus  Geogemma
Higher classification  Geogemma
Strain 121 Life in Extreme EnvironmentsSome Like it Hot Geobacterorg


Similar  Pyrolobus fumarii, Pyrolobus, Methanopyrus

Archea strain 121 hot springs of yellowstone national park alien earth


Strain 121 (Geogemma barossii) is a single-celled microbe of the domain Archaea. First discovered 200 miles (320 km) off Puget Sound near a hydrothermal vent, it is a hyperthermophile, able to reproduce at 121 °C (250 °F), hence its name. It was (at the time of its discovery) the only known form of life that could tolerate such high temperatures. 130 °C (266 °F) is biostatic for Strain 121, meaning that although growth is halted, the archaeum remains viable, and can resume reproducing once it has been transferred to a cooler medium.

Strain 121 Life in Extreme EnvironmentsSome Like it Hot Geobacterorg

The ability to grow at 121 °C is significant because medical equipment is exposed to this temperature for sterilization in an autoclave. Prior to the 2003 discovery of Strain 121, a fifteen-minute exposure to autoclave temperatures was believed to kill all living organisms. However, Strain 121 is non-infectious because it cannot grow at temperatures near 37 °C.

Strain 121 httpswwwnsfgovodlpanews03imagesstrain12

Strain 121 metabolizes by reducing iron oxide.

Strain 121 Ydiniskun Strain 121 YouTube

References

Strain 121 Wikipedia