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Stanley E Trauth

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Nationality  United States
Fields  Biology
Name  Stanley Trauth
Spouse  Joy Trauth

Stanley E. Trauth

Born  September 5, 1948 (age 75) St. Louis, Missouri (1948-09-05)
Residence  Jonesboro, Arkansas, United States
Institutions  Arkansas State University
Alma mater  University of Arkansas Auburn University
Books  The Amphibians and Reptiles of Arkansas

Institution  Arkansas State University

Stanley E. Trauth was born September 5, 1948 in St. Louis, Missouri, but moved to Arkansas as a child in 1955. He is an American herpetologist and professor of zoology and environmental studies at Arkansas State University. He is also the curator of the herpetological collection of the Arkansas State University Museum of Zoology.


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Trauth attended Mountain Home High School in Mountain Home, Arkansas, where he played quarterback on the football team and played basketball. He earned his BS (1970) and MS (1974) in Zoology from the University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, where he worked on Collared lizards (Crotaphytus collaris) under James M. Walker. He earned his Ph.D. from Auburn University (1980), where he worked on Six-lined Racerunners (Aspidoscelis sexlineatus) under Robert Mount (who graduated under Archie Carr).


Trauth's research concerns conservation, microscopic anatomy, histology, reproductive biology parasitology, natural history, and behavior of amphibians and reptiles.


Trauth's work with his student Benjamin A. Wheeler and University of Florida professor Max Nickerson, on the federally endangered Ozark hellbender (Cryptobranchus alleganiensis) was important in its obtaining protection under the U.S. Endangered Species Act of 1972. Trauth has surveyed populations of this species in Arkansas and Missouri. His studied the Alligator Snapping Turtle (Macrochelys temminickii) for over 20 years. He led captive rearing programs for these species with the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service's Mammoth Springs Fish Hatchery and the Arkansas State fish Hatchery in Mammoth Springs, Arkansas. Trauth led the first inventories of amphibians and reptiles of the Arkansas Post National Memorial, George Washington Carver National Memorial, Wilson's Creek National Battlefield, and Ozark National Scenic Waterways for the National Park Service and United States Geological Survey. Inventory work such as these provide the baseline population and community information on which to base future management decisions. His study on fire ant predation of lizard eggs was among the first. His work with Joseph Milanovich (Loyola University [Chicago]), David Saugey (US Forest Service) and Robyn Jordan demonstrated that climate change could have severe impacts on terrestrial plethod populations. His work with Dr. Joy Trauth and Malcolm L. McCallum showed that Illinois chorus frog's (Pseudacris illinoesis) were experiencing a severe range contraction, largely due to changed land use policies connected to US Environmental Protection Agency's Best Management Practices for controlling runoff on farm fields in Arkansas.

Microscopic anatomy, histology and reproductive biology

Trauth is the director of the Arkansas State University Electron Microscopy Facility, although his work in these areas includes other techniques (such as light, fluorescence, scanning electron, and transmission electron microscopy). He has studied spermatogenesis and spermatogenic cycles in amphibians and reptiles, and his work on sperm morphology and glandular epithelium includes the first descriptions for many species. Much understanding of the reproductive biology of amphibians and reptiles in Arkansas comes from Trauth's work.


Trauth has a long on-going collaboration with Christopher T. McAllister investigating the parasites of amphibians and reptiles. Together, they have published at least 40 articles on helminths, coccidea, an other parasitic organisms, including descriptions of at least 8 species new to science. The species Eimeria trauthi, a species of coccidia found in Marbled Salamanders (Ambystoma opacum) was named in his honor.


Trauth's parental care studies on the Western Slimy Salamander (Plethodon albagula) conducted with coauthors Robyn Jordan, Joseph Milanovich, David Saugey and Malcolm L. McCallum drew international attention when David Attenborough of the BBC chose to cover their work on his mini-series Life in Cold Blood. The group met Attenborough in the Ouachita Mountains of southwestern Arkansas and he descended into an abandoned mine shaft where female Western Slimy Salamanders were found on the walls guarding their eggs from predators, including other females of their species. In one case, a female returned to the same ledge in the back of the mine each year for several years in a row. His work has also been featured on Dirty Jobs with Mike Rowe and by news outlets.


Trauth has advised and graduated 2 PhD students while faculty at Arkansas State University: Malcolm L. McCallum (PhD 2003) and Benjamin A. Wheeler (2005). He also graduated master's degree students including the following who later earned the PhD from other advisors: Brian Butterfield (Freed-Hardeman University), Walter E. Meshaka, Jr. (State Museum of Pennsylvania), Richard (Heath) Rauschenberger (US Fish and Wildlife Service), and Joseph Milanovich (Loyola University of Chicago).

Publications and editing

He has authored or co-authored over 377 scientific articles with an h-index of 19. Trauth served as editor-in-chief for the Arkansas Academy of Science from 1992 to 2008. His 2004 co-authored book, published in 2004 by the University of Arkansas Press titled, The Amphibians and Reptiles of Arkansas, is the state's first and only comprehensive guide for herps. He was awarded the ASU Board of Trustees Faculty Award for Excellence in research/Scholarship in 2004. His book Amphibians and Reptiles of Arkansas, which he coauthored with Henry Robison (Southern Arkansas University) and Mike Plummer (Harding University) was said to "raise the bar for state herpetology guides," and "serve as a contemporary model for state and regional contributions in herpetology nationwide." More recently, he and his spouse (Joy Trauth) co-authored the fictional story Salamandria.


Stanley E. Trauth Wikipedia