|England Sri Lanka|
Most wickets James Anderson (21)
|Most runs Jonny Bairstow (387)|
Dates 19 May 2016 – 5 Jul 2016
|Captains Alastair Cook (Tests)
Eoin Morgan (ODIs, T20I)|
Result England won the 3-match series 2–0
Player of the series Jonny Bairstow (Eng) Kaushal Silva (SL)
The Sri Lanka national cricket team toured England from 8 May to 5 July 2016 for a three-match Test series, a five-match One Day International (ODI) series and a one-off Twenty20 International (T20I) against the England cricket team. England won the Test series 2–0, the ODI series 3–0 and won the one-off T20I match by 8 wickets.
They also played two first-class matches against Essex and Leicestershire prior to the Test series, and two ODI matches against Ireland prior to the ODI series. The two first-class matches were both drawn and Sri Lanka won the ODI series against Ireland 2–0.
In April 2016, the ECB made a proposal that the series uses a points-based scoring system across all three formats, with both teams agreeing to the idea in principle. The following month, the points system was named Super Series and approved for this series and England's series against Pakistan. Four points were awarded for winning a Test match and two points for wins in ODIs or T20Is matches. No overall trophy was awarded, but there was a prize of £25,000, to be split amongst the players. England won the Super Series 20–4.
Kusal Perera replaced Dhammika Prasad in Sri Lanka's Test squad. Chris Woakes was added to England's squad for the second Test as a replacement for the injured Ben Stokes, who was later ruled out of the series. Dushmantha Chameera suffered a stress fracture in his lower back and was ruled out of the tour. Chaminda Bandara was named as Chameera's replacement. Following the ODI matches in Ireland, Shaminda Eranga was admitted to hospital in Dublin to undergo tests on his heart. However, on the same day, he was suspended from bowling in international matches by the International Cricket Council (ICC) due to an illegal action reported during the second Test. Prior to the third ODI, Lahiru Thirimanne was ruled out of the rest of the series with a lower back strain.