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Kingdom  Animalia
Subfamily  Loricariinae
Scientific name  Spatuloricaria
Higher classification  Loricariinae
Order  Catfish
Family  Loricariidae
Tribe  Loricariini
Phylum  Chordata
Rank  Genus
Spatuloricaria httpsuploadwikimediaorgwikipediacommonsthu
Similar  Catfish, Loricariidae, Loricariinae, Dasyloricaria, Sturisomatichthys

Spatuloricaria sp rio nanay by julian dignall fish at pier aquatics

Spatuloricaria is a genus of armored catfishes native to Central and South America.


Spatuloricaria is in need of revision, as species boundaries and distributions are poorly known. The phylogenetic position of Spatuloricaria remains uncertain. Spatuloricaria has been placed at the base of a clade including representatives of the Loricaria and Pseudohemiodon groups. Its dentition, with few teeth on the premaxillae, and its abdominal cover consisting of minute disjointed platelets resembles that of some representatives of the Loricaria group. Conversely, the papillose surface of the lips and sexually dimorphic features are more characteristic of the Rineloricaria group.

This genus is distributed in the northwestern part of the South American subcontinent, in drainages of the Pacific and Atlantic Slopes of the Andes. Several species occur also in the upper Amazon River basin, upper Paraguay, and São Francisco River basins.

Sexual dimorphism includes hypertrophied development of claw-like odontodes along the sides of the head and on the pectoral spines in mature males. Ecological data is unavailable and reproductive biology is unknown for Spatuloricaria species.

A day in the fishroom 2017 spatuloricaria caquetae crowntail betta killifish crypt tank


There are currently 12 recognized species in this genus:

  • Spatuloricaria atratoensis L. P. Schultz, 1944
  • Spatuloricaria caquetae Fowler, 1943
  • Spatuloricaria curvispina Dahl, 1942
  • Spatuloricaria euacanthagenys Isbrücker, 1979
  • Spatuloricaria evansii Boulenger, 1892
  • Spatuloricaria fimbriata C. H. Eigenmann & Vance, 1912
  • Spatuloricaria gymnogaster C. H. Eigenmann & Vance, 1912
  • Spatuloricaria lagoichthys L. P. Schultz, 1944
  • Spatuloricaria nudiventris Valenciennes, 1840
  • Spatuloricaria phelpsi L. P. Schultz, 1944
  • Spatuloricaria puganensis N. E. Pearson, 1937
  • Spatuloricaria tuira Fichberg, O. T. Oyakawa & de Pinna, 2014 (Tuira's whiptail)
  • References

    Spatuloricaria Wikipedia