Trisha Shetty (Editor)

Soyuz 37

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COSPAR ID  1980-064A
Spacecraft type  Soyuz 7K-T
Period  1.5 hours
Dates  23 Jul 1980 – 11 Oct 1980
Landing date  11 October 1980
Launch site  Baikonur Cosmodrome
Orbits completed  124
Manufacturer  NPO Energia
Apogee  293,100 m
Launch date  23 July 1980
Rocket  Soyuz-U
Soyuz 37 httpsuploadwikimediaorgwikipediacommonsthu
Mission duration  79 days, 15 hours, 16 minutes, 54 seconds
Launch mass  6,800 kilograms (15,000 lb)

Viktor gorbatko and ph m tu n soyuz 37

Soyuz 37 (Russian: Союз 37, Union 37) was a 1980 Soviet manned space flight to the Salyut 6 space station. It was the 13th mission to and 11th successful docking at the orbiting facility. The Soyuz 37 crew were the third to visit the long-duration Soyuz 35 resident crew.


Soyuz 37 carried Soviet Viktor Gorbatko and Pham Tuân, the first Asian and first Vietnamese cosmonaut, into space. They swapped Soyuz craft with the long-duration crew and returned to earth in Soyuz 36, the resident crew later used their craft to return to earth.

Pham tuan soyuz 37

Mission parameters

  • Mass: 6,800 kg (15,000 lb)
  • Perigee: 197.8 km (122.9 mi)
  • Apogee: 293.1 km (182.1 mi)
  • Inclination: 51.61°
  • Period: 89.12 minutes
  • Mission highlights

    Pham Tuan of Vietnam arrived with Commander Viktor Gorbatko aboard Salyut 6 in Soyuz 37; they both returned to Earth in the Soyuz 36 spacecraft approximately eight days later. Tuan’s 30 experiments involved observing Vietnam from space, life sciences (including tests of growth of Vietnamese azolla water ferns, with application to future closed-loop life support systems), and materials processing. The long-duration crew launched in Soyuz 35 returned to earth in the Soyuz 37 spacecraft at the end of their 186-day mission.


    Soyuz 37 Wikipedia

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