Supriya Ghosh (Editor)

Sound on disc

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The term Sound-on-disc refers to a class of sound film processes using a phonograph or other disc to record or play back sound in sync with a motion picture. Early sound-on-disc systems used a mechanical interlock with the movie projector, while more recent systems use timecode.



  • The Chronophone (Léon Gaumont) "Filmparlants" and phonoscènes 1902–1910 (experimental), 1910–1917 (industrial)
  • USA

  • Vitaphone introduced by Warner Bros. in 1926
  • Phono-Kinema, short-lived system, invented by Orlando Kellum in 1921 (used by D. W. Griffith for Dream Street)
  • Digital Theater Sound
  • UK

  • British Phototone, short-lived UK system using 12-inch discs, introduced in 1928-29 (Clue of the New Pin)
  • Other

  • Systems with the film projector linked to a phonograph or cylinder phonograph, developed by Thomas Edison (Kinetophone, Kinetophonograph), Selig Polyscope, French companies such as Gaumont (Chronomégaphone and Chronophone) and Pathé, and British systems.
  • References

    Sound-on-disc Wikipedia

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