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Sophia of Denmark

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Tenure  1261–1275
Father  Eric IV of Denmark
Religion  Roman Catholicism
Died  1286, Denmark
House  House of Estridsen
Mother  Jutta of Saxony
Name  Sophia Denmark
Spouse  Valdemar, King of Sweden
Sophia of Denmark
Children  Richeza of Sweden, Duchess of Poland, Ingeborg of Sweden (1263–1292)
Parents  Jutta of Saxony, Eric IV of Denmark
Grandchildren  Elizabeth Richeza of Poland, Gerhard IV, Count of Holstein-Plon
Similar People  Eric IV of Denmark, Birger Jarl, Sweyn II of Denmark, Elizabeth Richeza of Poland, Przemysl II

Sophia of Denmark (Sofia Eriksdotter; 1241–1286) was Queen consort of Sweden as the spouse of King Valdemar of Sweden.



Sophia was the eldest daughter of Eric IV of Denmark and Jutta of Saxony. Her father was murdered in 1250 when she and her younger sisters, Agnes and Jutta of Denmark were young. As he left no son, Eric IV's brothers, Abel of Denmark and then Christopher I of Denmark assumed the Danish throne.

Sophia was married to Valdemar I of Sweden in 1261, as part of Birger Jarl's policy of peace between Scandinavian kingdoms. It is said, that when she was informed about the arranged marriage, she left the room, went in to her chamber and asked God: Give me happiness with him and him with me. Sophia was described as a politically interested, witty beauty with a quick tongue. She was also known for her interest in chess.

In 1269, Sophia visited her father's grave in Denmark as well as visiting her sisters, Agnes and Jutta, who had both been placed in Agnesklostret convent in Roskilde. In 1272, Sophia's sister Jutta visited Sweden and became Valdemar's mistress. The affair resulted in a child born in 1273. The following year, Jutta was again placed in a convent and Valdemar was forced to make a pilgrimage to Rome to ask for the Pope's absolution. According to legend, Queen Sophia said: I will never recover from this sorrow. Curse the day my sister saw the kingdom of Sweden.

In 1275, Valdemar was deposed by his younger brother, Magnus III of Sweden after the battle of Hova. The news was said to have reached the queen while she played chess. Many stories are told about her sharp tongue. She is said to have complained about her husband's brothers as "Magnus Ticklingfingers" and "Eric Everything-and-anything". In 1277, Sophia separated from her spouse and returned to Denmark. Her husband lived openly with mistresses in his comfortable prison until his death in 1302. In 1283, the ex-queen gave her income in the fishing of Norrkoping to the Saint Martin Abbey in Skanninge. This is the first document in which the city of Norrkoping is mentioned. She died in 1286.


Sofia married Valdemar in 1260 and separated in 1277. They had six children:

  1. Ingeborg Valdemarsdotter of Sweden (1263–1292), countess of Holstein, spouse of Gerhard II, Count of Holstein-Plon.
  2. Erik Valdemarsson of Sweden (1272–1330)
  3. Marina Valdemarsdotter of Sweden, spouse of Rudolf, Count of Diepholz
  4. Rikissa Valdemarsdotter of Sweden (d. c. 1292), Queen of Poland, spouse of Przemysl II of Poland
  5. Katarina Valdemarsdotter of Sweden (d. 1283)
  6. Margareta Valdemarsdotter of Sweden, a nun.


Sophia of Denmark Wikipedia

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