Trisha Shetty (Editor)

Sonoran Sinaloan transition subtropical dry forest

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Country  Mexico
Habitat loss  21.36%
Area  51,000 km²
Mammal species  95
States  Sonora and Sinaloa
Protected  0.02%
Bird species  215
Borders  Sonoran desert Sierra Madre Occidental pine-oak forests Chihuahuan desert Sinaloan dry forests Northern Mesoamerican Pacific mangroves
Biome  Tropical and subtropical dry broadleaf forests

The Sonoran-Sinaloan transition subtropical dry forest is a tropical dry broadleaf forest ecoregion in northwestern Mexico.

Contents

Location and description

This ecoregion forms a transition belt between the Sonoran Desert to the north and the Sinaloan dry forests to the south, running south from the foothills of the Sierra Madre Occidental highlands of the state of Sonora to the Pacific Ocean coasts of Sonora and Sinaloa. This region is also part of the transition zone between the Nearctic and Neotropic ecozones and as such habitats of the region range from sparse semi-desert in the north to dry forest in the south. It covers an area of 51,000 km2 (20,000 sq mi) from sea level to 2,000 m (6,600 ft). Average annual rainfall is 100–200 mm (3.9–7.9 in)

Flora

The northern section is home to typical desert vegetation such as cacti such as organ pipe (Stenocereus thurberi), jumping cholla (Cylindropuntia fulgida) and barrel cactus (Ferocactus wislizeni). Further south the habitats are dry woodland with trees including acacias such as boat-thorn acacia (Acacia cochliacantha), and tree catclaw (Acacia occidentalis).

Fauna

Birds of the ecoregion include the black-throated magpie-jay (Calocitta colliei).

Threats and preservation

This woodland is vulnerable to logging and clearance for livestock grazing, particularly around the cities of Navojoa and Álamos, while the wildlife is vulnerable to hunting. Areas of particular conservation importance include the Yaqui River basin.

References

Sonoran-Sinaloan transition subtropical dry forest Wikipedia


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