Solatium (plural solatia) is a form of compensation for emotional rather than physical or financial harm.
It is used in Scots law mainly to denote reparation for pain and suffering in personal injury cases (although it can also be awarded in other types of cases). In this respect it is similar, but not identical, to the English law concept of general damages; Scots law damages are divided into pecuniary and non-pecuniary losses, rather than general and special damages.
It is used in South African law as a delictual remedy for pain and suffering. To sue for solatium, a claimant must institute an action for pain and suffering or an actio iniuriarum.
Beginning during the War in Vietnam, and continuing in Iraq and Afghanistan, the US Department of Defense (DOD) provides monetary assistance in the form of solatia and condolence payments to Iraqi and Afghan nationals who are killed, injured, or incur property damage as a result of U.S. or coalition forces’ actions during combat.
The word solatium entered English during the 1810s, as a loanword from Latin sōlātium or sōlācium.