ii, iii, iv
2015 (39th Session)
Sites of Japan’s Meiji Industrial Revolution: Iron and Steel, Shipbuilding and Coal Mining (明治日本の産業革命遺産 製鉄・鉄鋼、造船、石炭産業, Meiji nihon no sangyoukakumeiisan seitetsu tekkou, zousen sekitansangyou) are a grouping of historic sites that played an important part in the industrialization of Japan in the Bakumatsu and Meiji periods, and are part of the industrial heritage of Japan. In 2009 the monuments were submitted jointly for inscription on the UNESCO World Heritage List under criteria ii, iii, and iv. The sites were accepted at the 39th UNESCO World Heritage session.
Eight areas are registered, with thirty component sites:
Sites of Japan’s Meiji Industrial Revolution: Iron and Steel, Shipbuilding and Coal Mining Wikipedia
Hagi proto-industrial sites and Tokugawa period cultural setting; Hagi, Yamaguchi Prefecture:
Shūseikan pioneering factory complex; Kagoshima, Kagoshima Prefecture:
Mietsu shipyard; Saga, Saga Prefecture:
Hashino iron mining and smelting site; Kamaishi, Iwate Prefecture:
Nagasaki shipyard facilities, coal mining islands and associated sites; Nagasaki, Nagasaki Prefecture:
Shimonoseki battle site and Treaty lighthouse; Shimonoseki, Yamaguchi Prefecture:
Miike coal mines, railway and ports; Ōmuta, Fukuoka Prefecture, Arao and Uki, Kumamoto Prefecture:
Yawata steel works; Kitakyūshū, Fukuoka Prefecture:
Izu proto-industrial reverberatory furnace; Izunokuni, Shizuoka Prefecture:
The inclusion of some of these properties as UNESCO Heritage sites faced concerns and objections from Korea, due to the fact that conscripted Korean civilians and Chinese prisoners-of-war were forced to work under harsh conditions at seven of these sites during Japan's World War II mobilization policies. See Hashima_Island#World_Heritage_Site_approval_controversy for more details.