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Simeon Solomon

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Name  Simeon Solomon

Education  Royal Academy of Arts
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Died  August 14, 1905, London, United Kingdom
Books  A Vision of Love Revealed in Sleep, Lesbia Brandon
Parents  Kate Levy Solomon, Meyer Solomon
Siblings  Abraham Solomon, Rebecca Solomon
Similar People  Rebecca Solomon, Abraham Solomon, Algernon Charles Swinburne

Simeon solomon pre raphaelite brotherhood

Simeon Solomon (9 October 1840 – 14 August 1905) was an English Pre-Raphaelite painter noted for his depictions of Jewish life and same-sex desire.


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Simeon solomon 1840 1905 british painter


Simeon Solomon Creation Solomon Simeon VampA Search the Collections

Solomon was born into a prominent Jewish family. He was the eighth and last child born to merchant Michael (Meyer) Solomon and artist Catherine (Kate) Levy. Solomon was a younger brother to fellow painters Abraham Solomon (1824–1862) and Rebecca Solomon (1832–1886).

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Born and educated in London, Solomon started receiving lessons in painting from his older brother around 1850. He started attending Carey's Art Academy in 1852. His older sister first exhibited her works at the Royal Academy during the same year.

Simeon Solomon Love Revealed Simeon Solomon and the PreRaphaelites

As a student at the Royal Academy Schools, Solomon was introduced through Dante Gabriel Rossetti to other members of the Pre-Raphaelite circle, as well as the poet Algernon Charles Swinburne and the painter Edward Burne-Jones in 1857. His first exhibition was at the Royal Academy in 1858. He continued to hold exhibitions of his work at the Royal Academy between 1858 and 1872. In addition to the literary paintings favoured by the Pre-Raphaelite school, Solomon's subjects often included scenes from the Hebrew Bible and genre paintings depicting Jewish life and rituals. His association with Swinburne led to his illustrating Swinburne's Lesbia Brandon in 1865.

Simeon Solomon David by Simeon Solomon by Solomon Simeon at Fitzwilliam

In 1873 his career was cut short when he was arrested in a public urinal at Stratford Place Mews, off Oxford Street, in London and charged with attempting to commit sodomy: he was fined £100. He was arrested again in 1874 in Paris, after which he was sentenced to spend three months in prison.

Simeon Solomon Night and Her Child Sleep Simeon Solomon as art print or

After his prosecutions he no longer exhibited, but achieved a degree of celebrity amongst those who shared his sensibilities: Oscar Wilde, John Addington Symonds, Count Eric Stenbock, and Walter Pater all collected his works.

In 1884 he was admitted to the workhouse where he continued to produce work, but his life and talent were blighted by alcoholism. Twenty years later in 1905, he died from complications brought on by his alcoholism. He was buried at the Jewish Cemetery in Willesden.

Examples of his work are on permanent display at the Victoria and Albert Museum, Wightwick Manor and at Leighton House. Retrospectives of his work have been held at the Birmingham Museum and Art Gallery in 2005–6, and in London at the Ben Uri Gallery in 2006.


  • Paintings and Drawings by the Late Simeon Solomon, Baillie Gallery, 54 Baker St, London. 9 Dec 1905-13 Jan 1906
  • Winter Exhibition of Works of the Old Masters and Deceased Masters of the British School, Royal Academy, London. 1 Jan-10 March 1906
  • Exhibition of Jewish Art and Antiquities, Whitechapel Art Gallery. 7 Nov-16 Dec 1906
  • Exeter Museum and Art Gallery. April 1906
  • 1907

  • Jewish Exhibition, Gallery of Ancient and Modern Art, Berlin
  • 1908

  • Whitechapel Art Gallery. March 1908
  • Franco-British Exhibition, London. July–August 1908
  • 1913

  • Pre-Raphaelite Painters from Collections in Lancashire, Tate Britain, London. 17 July 1913 – 28 September 1913
  • 1923

  • National Gallery of British Art (Tate). July 1923
  • 1934

  • Jewish Art, Ben Uri Gallery. May 1934
  • 1946

  • Subjects of Jewish Interest, Ben Uri Gallery. December 1946
  • 1985

  • Acquisitions of the Friends of the Art Museums of Israel, Ben Uri Gallery. March 1985
  • 1964

  • Exhibition of English Watercolours, Leger Galleries
  • 1965

  • Exhibition of English Watercolours 18th & 19th Century, Leger Galleries
  • 1966

  • Exhibition of Paintings and Drawings by Simeon Solomon, Durlacher Brothers Gallery, 538 Madison Ave, NYC. In May the exhibition moved to Wellesley College, Wellesley, MA. April–May 1966
  • 1985

  • Solomon: A Family of Painters, Geffrye Museum, London and Birmingham Museums and Art Gallery, Birmingham. 8 Nov 1985-9 March 1986
  • 2001

  • From Prodigy to Outcast: Simeon Solomon, Pre-Raphaelite Artist, Jewish Museum, London. March 2001- May 2001
  • 2002

  • Solomon Art Exhibition, Birmingham Museums and Art Gallery. April 2002- June 2002
  • 2005

  • Love Revealed: Simeon Solomon and the Pre-Raphaelites, Birmingham Museum and Art Gallery. 1 October 2005 – 15 January 2006
  • Waking Dreams: The Art of the Pre-Raphaelites from the Delaware Art Museum, Various Locations in the UK and USA. 19 March 2005 – 29 July 2007
  • 2006

  • Love Revealed: Simeon Solomon and the Pre-Raphaelites, Museum Villa Stuck, Munich. 9 March-18 June 2006
  • Love Revealed: Simeon Solomon and the Pre-Raphaelites, Ben Uri Gallery, The London Jewish Museum of Art. 11 September-26 November 2006
  • 2008

  • Blake's Shadow: William Blake and his Artistic Legacy, Whitworth Art Gallery, Manchester. 26 Jan 2008-20 April 2008
  • 2010

  • The Pre-Raphaelites and Italy, Museo d’Arte della città di Ravenna, Ravenna, Italy. 28 Feb 2010-6 June 2010
  • The Pre-Raphaelites and Italy, Ashmolean Museum, Oxford. 15 Sept 2010-5 Dec 2010
  • In literature

    In Oscar Wilde's long prison letter to Lord Alfred Douglas, De Profundis, Wilde writes of his bankruptcy: “That all my charming things were to be sold: my Burne-Jones drawings: my Whistler drawings: my Monticelli: my Simeon Solomons: my china: my Library…”


    Simeon Solomon Wikipedia