A sighted guide is a person who guides a person with blindness or vision impairment.
At the Paralympic Games there are various classifications of athletes with a visual impairment.
Rules are according to the International Blind Sports Association (IBSA) and the International Paralympic Committee (IPC).
The sighted guides are such a close and essential part of the competition, that the athlete with a visual impairment and the guide are considered a team, and both athletes are medal candidates.
At the Winter Paralympics there are three classifications of athletes with a visual impairment:
A sighted guide is required for B1 and B2, and optional for B3.
The guide can lead, follow, or ski next to the athlete with a visual impairment. The guide assists with voice instruction only. No physical contact allowed.
The start must have an adequate space for the guide.
In athletics the sighted guides can win a medal.