Neha Patil (Editor)

Shorncliffe Army Camp

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Covid-19
Type  Barracks
In use  1794-Present
Owner  Ministry of Defence
Operator  British Army
Year built  1794
Built for  War Office
Shorncliffe Army Camp httpsuploadwikimediaorgwikipediacommonsthu

Shorncliffe army camp


Shorncliffe Army Camp is a large military camp near Cheriton in Kent.

Contents

History

The camp was established in 1794 when the British Army bought over 229 acres of land at Shorncliffe; it was then extended in 1796 and 1806. It was at Shorncliffe that in 1803 Sir John Moore trained the Light Division which fought under the Duke of Wellington in the Napoleonic Wars.

Shorncliffe was used as a staging post for troops destined for the Western Front during the First World War and in April 1915 a Canadian Training Division was formed there. The Canadian Army Medical Corps had general hospitals based at Shorncliffe from September 1917 to December 1918. The camp at that time composed five unit lines known as Moore Barracks, Napier Barracks, Risborough Barracks, Ross Barracks and Somerset Barracks. On three occasions there were German air raids which killed soldiers on the camp.

During the Second World War Shorncliffe was again used as a staging post and Queen Mary visited the camp in 1939.

From 1967 the camp was home to the Junior Infantryman's Battalion (JIB) and later, the Infantry Junior Leaders Battalion (IJLB) until the dissolution of junior soldier recruitment in 1991. In 2011 the camp consisted of Burgoyne Barracks, Sir John Moore Barracks, Napier Barracks, Risborough Barracks and Somerset Barracks. The Royal Gurkha Rifles have been based at Sir John Moore Barracks, Shorncliffe since 2001. 2 (South East) Brigade was also based in Sir John Moore Barracks until January 2015. In November 2016 Defence Secretary Sir Michael Fallon announced in the House of Commons that Somerset Barracks is to close.

Shorncliffe Military Cemetery

The Shorncliffe Military Cemetery serving the camp is also property of the Ministry of Defence. Three Victoria Cross recipients are buried here:

  • Private Patrick McHale (1826-1866), Royal Artillery, Indian Mutiny
  • Sergeant Joseph Charles Brennan (1818-1872), 5th Regiment of Foot, Indian Mutiny
  • Private John Doogan (1853-1940), King's Dragoon Guards, First Boer War
  • It contains more than 600 Commonwealth war graves from the World Wars. There are 471 from World War I, including more than 300 Canadians, and 6 members of the Chinese Labour Corps. There are buried 81 from World War II, including one unidentified British soldier and a Polish war grave. A screen wall memorial lists 18 Belgian soldiers who were originally buried in a now-demolished mausoleum.

    References

    Shorncliffe Army Camp Wikipedia


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