Points of interestNihondaira, Miho no Matsubara, IAI Stadium Nihondaira, Mount Aino, Mount Akaishi Colleges and UniversitiesShizuoka University (Shizuoka), University of Shizuoka (Shizuoka), Tokoha Gakuen University (Shizuoka), Shizuoka Eiwa Gakuin University (Shizuoka), University of Shizuoka Junior College (Shizuoka)
Shizuoka(,Shizuoka-shi, "Shizuoka City") is the capital city of Shizuoka Prefecture, Japan, and the prefectures second-largest city both population and area. It has been populated since prehistoric times.
The citys name is made up of two kanji, ?—shizu, meaning "still" or "calm"; and ?—oka, meaning "hill(s)". In 1869, Shizuoka Domain was first created out of the older Sunpu Domain, and that name was retained when the city was incorporated in 1885. In 2003, Shizuoka merged with Shimizu City (now Shimizu Ward), briefly becoming the largest city by land area in Japan. In 2005, it became one of Japans "designated cities".
Introducing shizuoka cityenglish
Shizuoka City centrally located in Shizuoka Prefecture, about halfway between Tokyo and Nagoya along the Tokaido Corridor, sandwiched between Suruga Bay to the south and the Minami Alps in the north. Shizuoka had the largest area of any municipality in Japan after merging with Shimizu City in April 2003, until February 2005, when Takayama, Gifu merged with nine surrounding municipalities.
The total area is 1,411.82 km2 (545.11 sq mi). Shizuoka is currently the 5th largest city in Japan in terms of geographic area after Takayama, Hamamatsu, Nikko, and Kitami. It is also the 2nd largest city in Shizuoka Prefecture in terms of both geographic area and population after Hamamatsu, but ranks higher as an Urban Employment Area, and leads as a metropolitan area and business region.
The fan-like shape of the Shizuoka Plain and Miho Peninsula were formed over the ages by the fast-flowing Abe River carrying along collapsed sand and earth. These areas form the foundations of the city today. The isolated Mount Kuno separates the Suruga coastline from the Shimizu coastline.
The area that is now the city of Shizuoka has been inhabited since prehistoric times. Numerous kofun have been found within the city limits, and the Toro archaeological site indicates that a major Yayoi period (circa 400 BC-300 AD) settlement existed in what is now part of the central city area.
Suruga was established as a province of Japan in the early Nara period. At some point between the year 701 and 710, the provincial capital was relocated from what is now Numazu, to a more central location on the banks of the Abe River at a location named Sunpu () (a contraction of "Suruga no Kokufu" ()) or alternatively "Fuchu" ().
Shizuoka has 39,237 businesses as of 2004, placing it first in the prefecture.
Employment by industry: Agriculture 0.1%, Manufacturing: 26.9%, Service 73.0%
There are three main festivals on Shizuokas calendar.
Miho no Matsubara
Odena Japanese dish consisting of several ingredients such as boiled eggs, daikon radish, konnyaku, and processed fish cakes stewed in a light, soy-flavoured dashi broth.Oden in Shizuoka uses a dark coloured broth flavoured with beef stock and dark soy sauce. All ingredients are skewered. Dried, ground fish (sardine, mackerel, or katsuobushi) and aonori powder (edible seaweed) are sprinkled on top before eating.GyozaSoba noodlesSeafoodZoni souprice cakes in a broth cooked with vegetables, popular at New YearsTororoA grated yam soup. Chojiya, a tororo restaurant founded in 1598 in Mariko-juku area of Shizuoka, west of the Abe River, was made famous by Hiroshige when he depicted it in his series of ukiyo-e prints of the 53 stops along the Tokaido.
Shizuoka Festival (?????, Shizuoka Matsuri)The Citys April festival during the high point of the year for Cherry Blossoms. A flower-viewing procession imitates the shogun Tokugawa Ieyasus custom of taking daimyo (feudal lords) to Sengen Shrine to view the cherry blossoms.
Daidogei World Cup (??????????, Daigougei Waarudo kappu)Street Performance World Cup. Probably the biggest event on Shizuokas Calendar, it is an annual international buskers festival, held in November. It includes various shows such as juggling, pantomime, magic, etc. Performers come from around the world and perform throughout the central part of the city as well as in some peripheral locations. From 2005, it expanded from a 3-day to a 4-day festival.
ToroLate Yayoi archaeological site notable as the first archaeological site excavated in Japan in which remains of a 1st-century AD Yayoi-era wet-rice Paddy fields were found.Kunozan Tosho-guShinto shrine that was the original burial place of Shogun Tokugawa Ieyasu, and the oldest of the Tosho-gu shrines in Japan. The main festival of the shrine is held annually on 17 April, although its spring festival from 17–18 February is a larger event.Mariko-jukuTwentieth of the fifty-three stations of the old Tokaido road, an old travel route during the Edo period.