| South East|
| 214 (2011 census including Adwell and Stoke Talmage civil parishes)|
Shirburn is a village and civil parish about 6 miles (10 km) south of Thame in Oxfordshire. The parish is very elevated by county standards and the eastern part of the parish is in the Chiltern Hills Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty. Shirburn is to the south forested, is at one edge bisected by a motorway and is the largest civil parish in the District.
Shirburn is a spring line settlement at the foot of the Chiltern escarpment. The Domesday Book of 1086 records that the manor of Shirburn was divided equally between Robert D'Oyly and his brother in arms Roger d'Ivry.
The building of Shirburn Castle was licensed in 1377. Shirburn Castle became a centre of Recusancy throughout the 16th and 17th centuries.
Shirburn had a parish church by the 12th century. Between 1146 and 1163 the church seems to have been given to Dorchester Abbey. The oldest part of the present Church of England parish church of All Saints is the bell tower, which seems to be Norman except for the upper stage, which is 18th-century. In the 13th century the north and south aisles and arcades were added to the nave.
In 1876 the architect T.H. Wyatt restored the building at the expense of the Earl of Macclesfield. In 1943 All Saints' parish was combined with that of St. Mary's, Pyrton. The combined parish is now part of the Benefice of Icknield. All Saints' church was made redundant in 1995 and now belongs to the Churches Conservation Trust.
The 2011 Census incorporated its figures of Adwell and Stoke Talmage to the north into an output area accordingly used to equate to an arbitrarily enlarged civil parish definition of Shirburn due to the formers' small population.
Economic and social history
A parish school had been established by 1808. By 1871 it was described as occupying a cottage that had been converted into a schoolhouse. In 1946 it was reorganised as a junior school, and older pupils went to school in Chinnor. In 1950 Shirburn school was closed.
In 1869-72 the Watlington and Princes Risborough Railway was built through the parish. Its terminus was 0.5 miles (800 m) south of Shirburn in the parish of Watlington. The Great Western Railway took over the line in 1883. British Railways withdrew passenger services in 1957 and closed the line to freight traffic in 1961.