| Padma Bhushan|| Shashikumar Chitre|
| 7 May 1936 (1936-05-07) India|
Shashikumar Chitre Wikipedia
Shashikumar Madhusudan Chitre is an Indian mathematician and astrophysicist, known for his research in Astronomy and Astrophysics. The Government of India honored him, in 2012, with Padma Bhushan, the third highest civilian award, for his services to the sciences.
Sashikumar Chitre graduated in Mathematics from the Elphinstone College, Mumbai, in 1956, on completion of which he was awarded the Duke of Edinburgh Scholarship to study abroad. He joined Peterhouse College, University of Cambridge and did another bachelor's degree in 1959. In 1960, he was selected as the Peterhouse Scholar, with which he completed his master's degree. Subsequently, he got selected for Gulbenkian Research studentship, moved to Churchill College and obtained his PhD from the Department of Applied Mathematics and Theoretical Physics of Cambridge, in 1963.
Chitre started his career as a Lecturer at the University of Leeds, in 1963, and worked there till 1966 when he obtained another fellowship to join the California Institute of Technology, Pasadena. In 1967, he returned to India and joined the faculty of Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, which served as the base of his research till his retirement in 2001. He lives in Mumbai, attending to his duties as the Academic Chair Person and Professor Emeritus of the Centre for Excellence in Basic Sciences (CBS) and the INSA Honorary Scientist at the University of Mumbai. He is also on the board of Trustees of JN Tata Trust and works as an Honorary Executive Director of Homi Bhabha Fellowship Council.
Chitre's scientific research is focused on solar physics, astrophysics and gravitational lensing. He has done extensive research on the Sun's magnetic activity cycle, the solar dynamo theory, and the role of neutrals in the solar atmosphere.
Sashikumar Chitre has been honored by fellowships by many prominent scientific institutions.MaxPlanck Fellow at the Max Planck Institute for Extraterrestrial Physics
Indian Academy of Sciences
Indian National Science Academy (1988)
National Academy of Sciences, India (1992)
Third World Academy of Sciences (1999)
Maharashtra Academy of Sciences
Royal Astronomical Society
International Astronomical Union
Chitre also served as a visiting fellow or visiting professor at various prestigious institutions around the world.UGC National Lecturer in Physics - 1975-76
Visiting Professor - University of Cambridge
Visiting Professor - Princeton University
Visiting Professor - University of Sussex
Visiting Professor - University of Amsterdam
Visiting Professor - University of Columbia
Visiting Professor - University of Virginia
Visiting Professor - Queen Mary and Westfield College, University of London - 1992-1993, 94-95 and 97
Senior Research Associateship at Goddard Space Flight Centre, NASA
Senior Research Associateship of the National Academy of Sciences, USA
Visiting Astronomer - Institute of Astronomy, Cambridge - 2003-2005 and 2007
Perren Visiting Fellow and Visiting Professor - Physical Research Laboratory, Ahmedabad - 1999-2000
Raja Ramanna Fellow - University of Mumbai - 2001-06.
He has also held the posts of:President - Astronomical Society of India
Chairman — Indian National Committee for Astronomy
Chairman — Bombay Association for Science Education
Member, Management Board - National Centre for Radio Astrophysics
Member, Management Boards - Homi Bhabha Centre for Science Education
Council Member, - Indian Academy of Sciences, Bangalore
Council Member, Indian National Science Academy, New Delhi
Council Member, National Academy of Sciences, Allahabad
Padma Bhushan - 2012
Professor A. C. Banerjee Memorial Lecture Award - 1992
INSA Vainu Bappu Memorial Medal - 1995
M. P. Birla Award - 1999
SM Chitre (December 1995). "Probing the Solar Interior". Journal of Astrophysics and Astronomy. 16 (Supplement): 343. Bibcode:1995JApAS..16..343C.
F. Bernardeau; T. P. Singh; B. Banerjee; S. M. Chitre (1994). "The Quasi-Linear Evolution of the Density Field in Models of Gravitational Instability". Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 269 (269): 947. Bibcode:1994MNRAS.269..947B. arXiv:astro-ph/9311055 . doi:10.1093/mnras/269.4.947.
Narasimha, D.; Chitre, S. M. (1993). "Probing galaxy clusters with straight arcs". Institut d'Astrophysique, Liege. 31: 641. Bibcode:1993LIACo..31..641N.
D. Narasimha; S. Nair; S. Chitre (1992). "Unobserved lensing agents". Lecture Notes in Physics. Lecture Notes in Physics. 406: 379. Bibcode:1992LNP...406..379N. ISBN 978-3-540-55797-5. doi:10.1007/3-540-55797-0_140.
D. Narasimha; S. Chitre (1992). "The Triple Quasar PG1115+080". Lecture Notes in Physics. Lecture Notes in Physics. 406: 128–133. Bibcode:1992LNP...406..128N. ISBN 978-3-540-55797-5. doi:10.1007/3-540-55797-0_91.
B. BANERJEE; S. M. CHITRE; P. P. DIVAKARAN; K. S. V. SANTHANAM (1976). "Polymerisation and the solar neutrino problem". Nature. 260 (5551): 557–557. Bibcode:1976Natur.260..557B. doi:10.1038/260557a0.
(Text) CC BY-SA