Shaoyang (simplified Chinese: 邵阳; traditional Chinese: 邵陽; pinyin: Shàoyáng) is a prefecture-level city in southwestern Hunan province, People's Republic of China, bordering Guangxi to the south. Shaoyang has a history of 2500 years and remains an important commercial and transportation city in Hunan. It has a city area and 8 suburban counties, with a population of 7.6 million, the largest in Hunan province.
One of the major forest areas in Hunan, Shaoyang has a forest coverage of 42.7%. The 23,000,000 acres (93,000 km2) NanShan Pastures is one of the biggest in Southern China which provide dairy products and meat for Hunanese.
Shaoyang is home to Shaoyang University. The school is composed of former Shaoyang Normal College and Shaoyang College.
The Shaoyang dialect of Lou Shao group of dialects of Xiang is generally spoken here.
Shaoyang has a monsoon-influenced, four-season humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cfa), with cool, damp winters, and hot, humid summers. Winter begins relatively dry but not sunny and becomes progressively damper and cloudier; spring brings both the most frequent and heaviest rain of the year. Summer is comparatively sunny, while autumn is somewhat dry. The monthly 24-hour average temperatures ranges from 5.2 °C (41.4 °F) in January to 28.2 °C (82.8 °F) in July, while the annual mean is 17.05 °C (62.7 °F). The annual precipitation is about 1,340 mm (53 in).
Shaoyang administers three districts, one county-level city, seven counties, and one autonomous county.
Districts:Shuangqing District (双清区)
Daxiang District (大祥区)
Beita District (北塔区)
County-level City:Wugang City (武冈市)
Counties:Shaodong County (邵东县)
Shaoyang County (邵阳县)
Xinshao County (新邵县)
Longhui County (隆回县)
Dongkou County (洞口县)
Suining County (绥宁县)
Xinning County (新宁县)
Autonomous county:Chengbu Miao Autonomous County (城步苗族自治县）
According to the Sixth National Census in 2010, Shaoyang's permanent residence population of 7,071,741 ranked it 2nd out of 14 prefecture-level divisions of Hunan; the male-female ratio was 107.95 to 100. Educational attainment levels were as follows: 4.49% bachelor's or higher, 60.01% middle school (初中) or higher, and the illiteracy rate was 3.24%. There were 1,950,605 households in which 6,913,913 resided, forming 97.77% of the provincial population and resulting in an average of 3.54 persons/household. Age distribution was as follows: 1,512,664 (21.39%) ≤14 years, 4,862,468 (68.76%) 15−64 years, 696,609 (9.85%) 65+ years.
Shaoyang has four main railway station: Shaoyang Railway Station(邵阳火车站)(Fast Train,K and Highspeed Train, G), Shaoyang Railway Station(邵阳北老火车站)(Old, North, Freight), Shaodong Railway Station(邵东火车站)(Fast Train,K and Highspeed Train, G) and Shaoyang North Railway Station(邵阳北站), in Xinshao County(Highspeed Train,G and D). Loushao Railway(娄邵铁路) and Hukun Highspeed Railway(沪昆高铁) pass through Shaoyang.
Shaoyang Wugang Airport was opened on 28 June 2017. It is located 9 kilometres (5.6 mi) north of Wugang, a county-level city under the administration of Shaoyang, and 100 kilometres (62 mi) from the urban center of Shaoyang.
The airport has a 2,600-meter runway and a 3,000-square-meter terminal building. It is projected to handle 250,000 passengers and 500 tons of cargo annually by 2020.
Although it is, by 2010 Census permanent resident population, the second-largest prefecture-level division of Hunan, its GDP (4.62% of provincial output) places it ninth within the province, making it an archetypal example of a large-population, relatively backwards-economy city. The GDP per capita of 12,797 CNY is the lowest in the province, and is only 42.9% of the provincial average, 36.5% of the national average, and 78% of even Guizhou's corresponding figure. Primary, secondary, and tertiary sectors respectively accounted for 23.9%, 38.2%, and 37.9% of the economy.Tsiang Tingfu, historian and diplomat
Wei Yuan, late Qing scholar
He Luting, composer
Cai E, revolutionary leader
Liao Yaoxiang, high-ranking Kuomintang general in World War II
Li Wangyang, labour rights activist whose "suicide" was allegedly staged by the local police