| 210.4 km²|
Shaoshan (Chinese: 韶山; pinyin: Sháoshān) is a county-level city in Hunan Province, China. It is under the administration of Xiangtan prefecture-level City. Qingxi Town is its seat.
Located on the mid-eastern Hunan and the mid-north of Xiangtan, Shaoshan is bordered by Ningxiang County to the north, Xiangxiang City to the west and southwest, Xiangtan County to the east and southeast. It covers an area of 247.3 km2 (95.5 sq mi), as of 2015, it has a census registered population of 118,236 and a permanent resident population of 97,800. It is the smallest administrative unit by size or by population in the counties and county-level cities in Hunan province.
As the birthplace of Mao Zedong, the founder of the People's Republic of China, Shaoshan was an important base during the Chinese Communist Revolution. It is also the birthplace of Mao's Family Restaurant, a restaurant chain that has spread to many other cities. Red tourism to Shaoshan and other places related to China's communist background has driven the local economy, while increasing people's understanding of China's revolutionary history.
Mao remains a popular figure in the area.
Names and administrative levels of Shaoshan:1652 (Qing Dynasty): Qidu (七都), Xiangtan District (县)
1912 (Republic of China): The Second District (第二区), Xi Township (西乡), Xiangtan County
December 1932: The Ninth District, Xiangtan County
1947: Qingtian Township, Xiangtan County
January 1950 (China): The Third District, Xiangtan County
1951: The Fourth District, Xiangtan County
August 1, 1955: Yintian District, Xiangtan County
1956: Yintian Town, Xiangtan County
September 1, 1958: Shaoshan People's Commune, Xiangtan County
May 12, 1961: Shaoshan District, Xiangtan County
December 1968: county-controlled district status upgraded to regional district (地级区), controlled directly by the province
December 1981: reverted to be county-controlled
December 1984: upgraded to county-class district (县级区), controlled by Xiangtan City
December 26, 1990: Upgraded to county-class city, controlled by Xiangtan City on behalf of the province.
According to the result on adjustment of subdistrict divisions of Shaoshan City on November 16, 2015, Shaoshan City has 2 towns and 2 townships under its jurisdiction. they are:2 towns
Qingxi, Shaoshan (清溪镇): Yongyi, Ruyi and the former Qingxi merged
Yintian, Shaoshan (银田镇)
Shaoshan Township (韶山乡): Daping and the former Shaoshan Township merged
Yanglin, Shaoshan (杨林乡)
Population: the city consists of 100,000 residents, of which 16,000 are non-farmers. The total land area is 210 km2 (81 sq mi).
Geography: in the east-central hilly region of Hunan province, the geographical coordinates are longitude 112 ° 23'52 "-112 ° 38'13", latitude 27 ° 51'40 "-28 ° 1'53".
Shaoshan's topography is dominated by Mt. Shaofeng and the Shao and Shishi Rivers, with hills in the west giving rise to a mix of hills and plains in the east. The peak of Mount Shaofeng, 518.5 m above sea level, is the highest point whereas Liumuzhou, 48 m above sea level, is the lowest point of the whole city.Mao Zedong (1893-1976)