Nisha Rathode


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Country  China
Province  Hunan
Area  210.4 km²

Shaoshan in the past, History of Shaoshan

Map of Shaoshan

Shaoshan (Chinese: 韶山; pinyin: Sháoshān) is a county-level city in Hunan Province, China. It is under the administration of Xiangtan prefecture-level City. Qingxi Town is its seat.


Shaoshan wwwvisitourchinacomFileUploadCityTourMap1007

Located on the mid-eastern Hunan and the mid-north of Xiangtan, Shaoshan is bordered by Ningxiang County to the north, Xiangxiang City to the west and southwest, Xiangtan County to the east and southeast. It covers an area of 247.3 km2 (95.5 sq mi), as of 2015, it has a census registered population of 118,236 and a permanent resident population of 97,800. It is the smallest administrative unit by size or by population in the counties and county-level cities in Hunan province.

As the birthplace of Mao Zedong, the founder of the People's Republic of China, Shaoshan was an important base during the Chinese Communist Revolution. It is also the birthplace of Mao's Family Restaurant, a restaurant chain that has spread to many other cities. Red tourism to Shaoshan and other places related to China's communist background has driven the local economy, while increasing people's understanding of China's revolutionary history.

Mao remains a popular figure in the area.

Shaoshan birthplace of mao zedong

Shaoshan stories


Names and administrative levels of Shaoshan:

  • 1652 (Qing Dynasty): Qidu (七都), Xiangtan District ()
  • 1912 (Republic of China): The Second District (第二区), Xi Township (西乡), Xiangtan County
  • December 1932: The Ninth District, Xiangtan County
  • 1947: Qingtian Township, Xiangtan County
  • January 1950 (China): The Third District, Xiangtan County
  • 1951: The Fourth District, Xiangtan County
  • August 1, 1955: Yintian District, Xiangtan County
  • 1956: Yintian Town, Xiangtan County
  • September 1, 1958: Shaoshan People's Commune, Xiangtan County
  • May 12, 1961: Shaoshan District, Xiangtan County
  • December 1968: county-controlled district status upgraded to regional district (地级区), controlled directly by the province
  • December 1981: reverted to be county-controlled
  • December 1984: upgraded to county-class district (县级区), controlled by Xiangtan City
  • December 26, 1990: Upgraded to county-class city, controlled by Xiangtan City on behalf of the province.
  • Administrative divisions

    According to the result on adjustment of subdistrict divisions of Shaoshan City on November 16, 2015, Shaoshan City has 2 towns and 2 townships under its jurisdiction. they are:

    2 towns
  • Qingxi, Shaoshan (清溪镇): Yongyi, Ruyi and the former Qingxi merged
  • Yintian, Shaoshan (银田镇)
  • 2 townships
  • Shaoshan Township (韶山乡): Daping and the former Shaoshan Township merged
  • Yanglin, Shaoshan (杨林乡)
  • Description

    Population: the city consists of 100,000 residents, of which 16,000 are non-farmers. The total land area is 210 km2 (81 sq mi).

    Geography: in the east-central hilly region of Hunan province, the geographical coordinates are longitude 112 ° 23'52 "-112 ° 38'13", latitude 27 ° 51'40 "-28 ° 1'53".

    Shaoshan's topography is dominated by Mt. Shaofeng and the Shao and Shishi Rivers, with hills in the west giving rise to a mix of hills and plains in the east. The peak of Mount Shaofeng, 518.5 m above sea level, is the highest point whereas Liumuzhou, 48 m above sea level, is the lowest point of the whole city.

    Notable people

  • Mao Zedong (1893-1976)
  • Sister cities

  • Vidnoye, Russia
  • References

    Shaoshan Wikipedia

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