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Second Chinese domination of Vietnam

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Period  43 AD – 544 AD
Second Chinese domination of Vietnam

The second Chinese domination marks a period when Vietnam fell into Chinese control for a second time, between the end of the Trưng Sisters and the start of the Anterior Lý Dynasty.

Contents

Fluctuations through seven dynasties

The Trung sisters' independence rule was one of the few relatively brief interruptions during the Chinese domination of Vietnam which continued from 111 BC to 939.

After the defeat of the Trung sisters, the Eastern Han dynasty strengthened its control over the region in 43 and renamed it Giao Chỉ (or Jiaozhi). As the Han dynasty weakened, the prefect of Giao Chỉ, Shi Xie, ruled Vietnam as an autonomous warlord and was posthumously deified by later Vietnamese Emperors.

Even when the Eastern Han dynasty split into the Three Kingdoms in 220, Vietnam remained under the control of the state of Wu. A female rebel named Triệu Thị Trinh briefly pushed the Chinese rulers out in 248, but was soon overthrown. Then Vietnam was under Jin China and the first half of the Southern and Northern Dynasties. The domination ended by 544, when Lý Nam Đế came to power.

Uprisings

Local rebellions were organized by:

  • Chu Đạt 156–160
  • Lương Long 178–181
  • Khu Liên 192, who founded the Champa kingdom.
  • Triệu Chỉ 299–319
  • Lương Thạch 319–323
  • Lý Trường Nhân and Lý Thúc Hiến 468–485
  • References

    Second Chinese domination of Vietnam Wikipedia


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