Supriya Ghosh (Editor)

Scutellaria baicalensis

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Kingdom  Plantae
Family  Lamiaceae
Scientific name  Scutellaria baicalensis
Rank  Species
Order  Lamiales
Genus  Scutellaria
Higher classification  Skullcap
Scutellaria baicalensis Chinese Skullcap Uses Benefits and Side Effects
Similar  Coptis chinensis, Skullcap, Glycyrrhiza uralensis, Pinellia ternata, Female ginseng

Huang qin scutellaria baicalensis chinese meds com


Scutellaria baicalensis (or Baikal skullcap, as opposed to Scutellaria lateriflora, a skullcap native to North America) is a species of flowering plant in the Lamiaceae family.

Contents

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Distribution

The plant is cultivated in Siberia, Mongolia, the Russian Far East, China and Korea.

Traditional Chinese medicine

It is one of the 50 fundamental herbs used in traditional Chinese medicine, where it has the name huáng cen (Chinese: 黄芩). As a Chinese traditional medicine, huang qin usually refers to the dried root of S. baicalensis Georgi, S. viscidula Bge., S. amoena C.H. Wright, and S. ikoninkovii Ju.

Pharmacology

Scutellaria baicalensis httpsuploadwikimediaorgwikipediacommonsthu

Several chemical compounds have been isolated from the root; baicalein, baicalin, wogonin, norwogonin, oroxylin A and β-sitosterol are the major ones.

Name confusion

Scutellaria baicalensis FileScutellaria baicalensis 01JPG Wikimedia Commons

It is important to use the Latin name, as the term skullcap is used for over 200 varieties, and various ailments, each with varying degrees of effectiveness. Sometimes, Scutellaria lateriflora (North American skullcap) is mistaken for S. baicalensis. This confusion can result in the intake of the S. lateriflora variety which can be processed and contaminated with other plants at high enough levels to be of concern.

Scutellaria baicalensis Baikal Skullcap Scutellaria baicalensis Medicinal Perennial

References

Scutellaria baicalensis Wikipedia


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