| 102,878 (1999)|
| Schwerin Palace, Staatliches Museum Schwerin, Schwerin Cathedral, Pfaffenteich, Mecklenburg State Theatre|
Angelika Gramkow (Die Linke)
Schwerin ([ʃvɛˈʁiːn] or [ʃvəˈʁiːn], Mecklenburgian Swerin, Latin Suerina) is the capital and second-largest city of the northern German state of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern. The population is 91,583 (as of December 31, 2013) and 98.000 as of July 2016.
Schwerin was first mentioned in 1018 as Wendenburg and was granted city rights in 1160 by Henry the Lion, thus it is the oldest city of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern. It is known for its romantic Schwerin Palace, situated on an island in the Lake Schwerin. The palace was one of the main residences of the dukes and grand dukes of Mecklenburg until 1918 and is the official seat of the Landtag of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern since 1990. The city also has a largely intact old town, thanks to only minor damage in World War II.
Schwerin is located within the metropolitan region of Hamburg and close to that of Berlin, and to nearby regiopolises of Rostock and Lübeck.
Schwerin is surrounded by lakes. The largest of these lakes, the Schweriner See, has an area of 60 km2. In the midst of these lakes there was a settlement of the Slavic Obotrite (dated back to the 11th century). The area was called Zuarin (Polabian Zwierzyn), and the name Schwerin is derived from that designation. In 1160, Henry the Lion defeated the Obotrites and captured Schwerin. The town was subsequently expanded into a powerful regional centre. A castle was built on this site, and expanded to become a ducal palace. It is supposedly haunted by the small, impious ghost, called Petermännchen ("Peterman").
In 1358, Schwerin became a part of the Duchy of Mecklenburg, making it the seat of the duchy from then on. About 1500, the construction of the Schwerin Palace began, as a residence for the dukes. After the division of Mecklenburg (1621), Schwerin became the capital of the Duchy of Mecklenburg-Schwerin. Between 1765 and 1837, the town of Ludwigslust served as the capital, until Schwerin was reinstated.
In the mid-1800s, many residents from Schwerin moved to the United States, many to Milwaukee, Wisconsin. Today Milwaukee and Schwerin are sister cities.
After 1918, and during the German Revolution, resulting in the fall of all the German monarchies, the Grand Duke abdicated. Schwerin became capital of the Free State of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern thereafter.
At the end of World War II, on 2 May 1945, Schwerin was taken by U.S. troops. It was turned over to the British on 1 June 1945, and one month later, on 1 July 1945, it was handed over to the Soviet forces, as the British and American forces pulled back from the line of contact to the predesignated occupation zones. Schwerin was then in the Soviet Occupation Zone which was to become the German Democratic Republic (GDR). Initially, it was the capital of the State of Mecklenburg which at that time included the western part of Pomerania (Vorpommern). After the states were dissolved in the GDR, in 1952, Schwerin served as the capital of the Schwerin district (Bezirk Schwerin).
After reunification in 1990, the former state of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern was recreated as one of the Bundesländer. Rostock was a serious contender for state capital but the decision went in favour of Schwerin.
The urban area of Schwerin is divided into 18 local districts, each with a local council. The districts consist of one or more districts. The local councilors have between 5 and 15 members depending on the number of inhabitants. They are determined by the city council for the duration of the election period of the city council after each municipal election. The local councilors are to hear important matters concerning the district and have a right of initiative. However, the final decisions are made by the city council of the city as a whole.
The 18 present districts with their respective districts are:
District 1: Schelfstadt, Werdervorstadt, Schelfwerder
District 2: Altstadt (Old Town), Feldstadt, Paulsstadt, Lewenberg
District 3: Grosser Dreesch (former Dreesch I)
District 4: Neu Zippendorf (former Dreesch II)
District 5: Mueßer Holz (former Dreesch III)
District 6: Gartenstadt, Ostorf (formerly Haselholz, Ostorf)
District 7: Lankow
District 8: Weststadt
District 9: Krebsförden
District 10: Wüstmark, Göhrener Tannen
District 11: Görries
District 12: Friedrichsthal
District 13: Neumühle, Sacktannen
District 14: Warnitz
District 15: Wickendorf
Locality 16: Medewege
Locality 17: Zippendorf
Locality 18: Mueß
City buses and trams are run by NVS (Nahverkehr Schwerin).
Schwerin Hauptbahnhof (central station) is connected by rail to Berlin, Hamburg and Rostock.The landmark of the city is the Schwerin Palace, located on an island in the lake of the same name (Schweriner See). It was, for centuries, the residence of the Dukes of Mecklenburg and today is the seat of the Landtag (state parliament).
Schwerin Cathedral, built in 1260–1416 in Brick Gothic style.
The Alter Garten (Old Garden) square, surrounded by buildings such as the 18th-century Altes Palais (Old Palace), the neoclassical Staatliches Museum Schwerin (State Art Museum), built in 1877–1882, and the Staatstheater (City Theater), erected in 1886.
The town hall (18th century)
Schelfkirche (Saint Nicolai, originally built 1238, but rebuilt in 1713 after destruction by a storm)
TV Tower Schwerin-Zippendorf
The Staatliches Museum Schwerin-Kunstsammlungen (State Art Museum) houses a remarkable collection of 17th-century Dutch paintings and German art from medieval and renaissance masters up to the present day. There are also a collection of Greek vases, the notable collection of Paintings of Jean-Baptiste Oudry, a collection of sculptures of Houdon, German 18th-century court paintings, and works by such modern artists as Max Liebermann, Franz Stuck, Marcel Duchamp etc. The Graphic cabinet houses rich collections of Dutch and German drawings and prints (Jan van Goyen, Dürer, Cranach, Rembrandt, Merian etc.) and a notable collection of coloured graphics from the time of the GDR.
The State Museum of Technology (Technische Museum), housed in the former Marstall (Royal Stables). In 2012 the Technische Museum moved to the city of Wismar located 40 km north of Schwerin.
Konrad Ernst Ackermann (1712-1771), actor
Friedrich Ludwig Schröder (1744-1816), actor, theater director and playwright
Karl Albert von Kamptz (1769-1849), lawyer and Prussian State and Minister of Justice
Karl Lemcke (1832-1913), art historian, songwriter, rector at the University of Stuttgart
August Kundt (1839-1894), physicist
Hans von Koester (1844-1928), naval officer
Franziska Ellmenreich (1847-1931), actress
Friedrich Klockmann (1858-1937), mineralogist
Heinrich Friese (1860-1948), an entomologist and bee researcher
Heinrich Cunow (1862-1938), ethnologist, writer and politician (SPD)
Adolf Frederick, Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin (1873-1969), Africa traveler, colonial politician and first president of the German Olympic Committee
Alexandrine, (1879-1952), Duchess of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
Paul Gosch (1885-1940), painter and architect, Nazi victim
Cecilie, Duchess of Mecklenburg-Schwerin(1886-1954), last Crown Princess of the German Empire
Bernhard Schwentner (1891-1944), Catholic priest and resistance fighter
Wilhelm Gustloff (1895-1936), Nazi party leader
Ludwig Bölkow (1912-2003), industrialist
Gudrun Zapf-von Hesse (born 1918), typographer and bookbinder
Gabriele Hinzmann (born 1947), athlete
André Brie (born 1950), politician (The Left)
Anke Westendorf (born 1954), volleyball player
Detlef Kübeck (born 1956), sprinter
Rosemarie Kother (born 1956), swimmer
Katrin Sass (born 1956), theater, film and television actress
Heidrun Bluhm (born 1958), politician (The Left)
Andrea Pollack (born 1961), swimmer
Matthias Stammann (born 1968), football player
Heike Balck (born 1970), athlete
Sylvia Roll (born 1973), volleyball player
Hanka Pachale (born 1976), volleyball player
Cathrin Schlüter (born 1980), volleyball player
Robert Müller (born 1986), football player
Stephan Gusche (born 1990), football player