Trisha Shetty (Editor)

Saudi Arabian Army

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Country  Arabian Kingdom
Role  Ground-based warfare
Type  Army
Saudi Arabian Army Saudi Arabian Army Military power Armed Forces Best weapons
Branch  Saudi Military Forces (as of 1902)
Size  300,000+ full-time personnel (2012 est.)325,000 reserve and National Guard625,000+ total personnel (2015 est.)
Part of  MODA (as of 1933)JSP (as of 1926)MOWA (1823– 1891)
Founded  13 January 1902, Saudi Arabia
Allegiance  Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques
Similar  Royal Saudi Air Force, Armed Forces of Saudi Ara, Royal Saudi Navy, Saudi Arabian National, Royal Saudi Air Defense

Saudi arabian army armed forces of saudi arabia 2016 2017

The Royal Saudi Land Forces (KSA) (Arabic: القوات البرية الملكية السعودية‎‎), also called Saudi Arabian Army (Arabic: الجيش العربي السعودي‎‎ Al-Jai? al-?Arab?yat al-Su??d?yah), are the largest branch of the Saudi Arabia Armed Forces. The Saudi Arabia Ground Armed Forces (SAAF) divide its manpower between two main entities, the National Guard (SANG) and the Army [RSLF]. The Chief of the Saudi General Staff until 2011 was Field Marshal Saleh Al-Muhaya.


Saudi Arabian Army Saudi Arabia Army ranks combat field dress military uniforms grades


Saudi Arabian Army Saudi Arabian Army a photo on Flickriver

The modern Saudi Army has its roots in the first Saudi State, which was formed as early as 1745, and is considered to be the birth year of the Saudi Army. As of 13 January 1902 was founded as the Royal Saudi Land Forces, and is the Oldest branch of the KSA military.

Saudi Arabian Army United States will modernize the Saudi Arabian National Guard with

Other events that led to an expansion of the Saudi Army were the Arab–Israeli conflict in 1948, the fall of Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi in the Iranian Revolution in 1979 and the subsequent fears of possible Shia's actions and in the last years the first Gulf War in 1990. In the year 2000, Saudi Arabia's government spent billions of dollars to expand the Saudi Forces including the Saudi Army.

First Saudi State (1745–1818)

Saudi Arabian Army wwwglobalsecurityorgmilitaryworldgulfimages
  • Battle of Riyadh (1746)
  • Battle of Al-Hayer (1764)
  • Battle of ghrimeel (1789)
  • Ibn Ufaisan's Invasion (1793)
  • Invasion of Qatar (1793–1798)
  • Battle of Khakeekera (1801)
  • Ottoman–Saudi War (1811–1818)
  • Saudi State (1818–1891)

  • Rebellion against Egypt Eyalet (1821–1824)
  • Saudi Civil War (1865–1875)
  • Al-Hasa Expedition (1870–1871)
  • Battle of Arwa (1883) (1883)
  • Battle of Mulayda (1891)
  • The Unification of Saudi Arabia (1902–1933)

    Saudi Arabian Army Assessing Saudi Arabia39s Military Might Forces Net
  • Battle of Riyadh (1902)
  • Battle of Dilam (1903)
  • First Saudi–Rashidi War (1903–1907)
  • Battle of Hadia (1910)
  • Conquest of al-Hasa (1913)
  • Battle of Jarrab (1915)
    Battle of Kinzaan (1915)
  • First Saudi–Hashemite War (1918–1919)
  • Kuwait-Saudi War (1919–1920)
  • Second Saudi–Rashidi War (1921)
  • Saudi-Transjordan War (1922)
  • Second Saudi-Hashemite War (1924–1925)
  • Ikhwan Revolt (1927–1930)
  • Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (1933–present)

    Saudi Arabian Army How Long Can Pakistan Avoid Joining SaudiLed Attacks On Yemen39s
  • Saudi–Yemeni War (1934)
  • 1948 Arab–Israeli War more than 3,000 Saudi Troops participated in combat against Israel.
  • 1967 RSLF deployed over 20,000 troops in Jordan.
  • 1969 Al-Wadiah War. South Yemeni Forces invaded Al-Wadiah, a Saudi Town, but later were defeated by the Saudi Army.
  • 1973 during the Yom Kippur War Saudi Arabia, along with other Persian Gulf nations, protested American intervention by raising oil prices and sent over 3,000 Saudi soldiers from the troops stationed in Jordan to fight on the Syrian frontline.
  • Gulf War (1990–1991) Together with the allied forces, Saudi Armed Forces and SANG took a major part in the Battle of Khafji and the Liberation of Kuwait.
  • 2007–2010 Houthi Insurgency. Yemeni Houthis attacked southern Saudi Arabia and were defeated later by the Saudi army.
  • 2015 Saudi Arabian-led intervention in Yemen at the request of the Yemeni president to drive away Houthi rebels allied with the deposed Ali Abdullah Saleh Yemeni Civil War (2015)
  • Structure

    Saudi Arabian Army Saudi Arabian Army Humvees fitted with TOW ATGMs and 50 cal machine

    The combat strength of the Saudi Army consists of 4 Armoured, 5 Mechanized, 2 Light Infantry (1 Royal Guards, 1 Special Forces) Brigades. The Saudi Army deployed the 12th Armoured Brigade and 6th Mechanized Brigade at King Faisal Military City in the Tabuk area. It deployed the 4th Armoured Brigade, and 11th Mechanized Brigade at King Abdul Aziz Military City in the Khamis Mushayt area. It deployed the 20th Mechanized Brigade and 8th Mechanized Brigade at King Khalid Military City near Hafr al Batin. The 10th Mechanized Brigade is deployed at Sharawrah, which is near the border with Yemen and about 150 kilometers from Zamak.

    Despite the addition of a number of units and increased mobility achieved during the 1970s and 1980s, the army's personnel complement has expanded only moderately since a major buildup was launched in the late 1960s. The army has been chronically understrength, in the case of some units by an estimated 30 to 50 percent. These shortages have been aggravated by a relaxed policy that permitted considerable absenteeism and by a serious problem of retaining experienced technicians and noncommissioned officers (NCOs). The continued existence of a separate national guard also limited the pool of potential army recruits.


  • 4th (King Khaled) Armoured Brigade
  • 6th (King Fah'd) Armoured Brigade
  • 7th (Prince Sultan)Armoured Brigade
  • 8th (King Fah'd)Armoured Brigade
  • 10th (King Faisal)Armoured Brigade
  • 12th (Khalid ibn al-Walid)Armoured Brigade
  • A typical Saudi armoured brigade has an armoured reconnaissance company, three tank battalions with 35 tanks each, a mechanized infantry battalion with AIFVs/APCs, and an artillery battalion with 18 self-propelled guns. It also has an army aviation company, an engineer company, a logistic battalion, a field workshop, and a medical company.


  • 11th Mechanized Brigade
  • 12th Mechanized Brigade
  • 13th Mechanized Brigade
  • 14th Mechanized Brigade
  • 20th Mechanized Brigade
  • A typical Saudi mechanized brigade has an armoured reconnaissance company, one tank battalion with 40 tanks, three mechanized infantry battalions with AIFVs/APCs, and an artillery battalion with 18 self-propelled guns. It also has an army aviation company, an engineer company, a logistic battalion, a field workshop, and a medical company. It has 24 anti-tank guided weapons launchers and four mortar sections with a total of eight 81 mm (3 in) mortars.


  • 16th (King Saud) Light motorized infantry brigade
  • 17th (Abu Bakr Assiddeeq) Light motorized infantry brigade
  • 18th (King Abdullah) Light motorized infantry brigade
  • 19th (?Umar ibn Al-Khatt?b) Light motorized infantry brigade
  • Each infantry brigade consists of three motorized battalions, an artillery battalion, and a support battalion. Army brigades should not be confused with Saudi Arabian National Guard brigades.


  • The 1st Airborne Brigade
  • 4th Airborne Battalion
  • 5th Airborne Battalion
  • The Airborne Brigade is normally deployed near Tabuk. The Airborne Brigade has two parachute battalions and three Special Forces companies. Saudi Arabia is expanding its Special Forces and improving their equipment and training to help deal with the threat of terrorism. The Special Forces have been turned into independent fighting units to help deal with terrorists, and report directly to Prince Sultan.

    Artillery Battalions

  • five artillery battalions
  • 14th FA (Towed, 155) Battalion
  • 15th FA (MLRS) Battalion
  • 18th Missile (MLRS) Battalion
  • Aviation

  • 1st Aviation Group
  • 2nd Aviation Group
  • 3rd Aviation Group
  • 4th Aviation Group
  • The separate Royal Guard Regiment consists of four light infantry battalions.

    Main equipment

    Note that figures below do not include war losses due to the ongoing conflict in Yemen.

    Army aviation

  • (Anti-Air systems belong to Air Defense Force)
  • References

    Saudi Arabian Army Wikipedia