Sarpsborg [ˈsɑʂbɔr], historically Borg, is a city and municipality in Østfold county, Norway. The administrative centre of the municipality is the city of Sarpsborg.
Sarpsborg is part of the fifth largest urban area in Norway when paired with neighbouring Fredrikstad. As of 1 January 2016, according to Statistics Norway these two municipalities have a total population of 132,351 with 54,192 in Sarpsborg and 78,159 in Fredrikstad.
Borregaard Industries is, and always has been, the most important industry in the city. The city is also the home of Borg Bryggerier, part of the Hansa Borg Bryggerier, which is Norway's second largest brewery-group.
In Norse times the city was just called Borg (from borg which means "castle"). The background for this was the fortification built by Olav Haraldsson (see History section). Later the genitive case of the name of the waterfall Sarpr (Sarp Falls) was added.
In Norse times Østfold county was called Borgarsýsla which means "the county (sýsla) of Borg" and the law district of southeast Norway was called Borgarþing meaning "the thing/court of Borg".
The old name has been revived in the diocese of Borg (1968) and Borgarting Court of Appeal (1995).
The coat-of-arms is from modern times. They were granted on 13 November 1991. It is based on a coat-of-arms from 1556. It shows a bear over a castle. The bear was introduced as early as sometime in the 13th century, by the earl of Sarpsborg (Comes de Saresburgh), Alv Erlingsson. He used the bear to symbolize his strength. The castle symbolizes the fortress (borg) that once gave the city its original name.
The city was founded as Borg by the Viking King Olav Haraldsson (Saint Olaf) in 1016. It was burned to the ground by Swedish invaders in 1567 during the Northern Seven Years' War. Half the population was evacuated down the river to what is today known as Fredrikstad, about 15 kilometres (9 mi) downstream.
Much of the rebuilt town disappeared into the river Glomma during a 1702 mudslide. Again Borg was rebuilt, and it was recreated as a city in 1839, and separated from Tune as a municipality of its own.
The rural municipalities of Tune, Skjeberg, and Varteig were merged with the city on 1 January 1992. The population is steadily growing, and during the summer of 2005 it reached 50,000 inhabitants.
In 2016, the town celebrated its 1000th anniversary, and the entire year was commemorated with a special program that encourages historic preservation within the town.Hasle
During the 1950s and 1960s, Sarpsborg was famous for its football (soccer) team, Sarpsborg FK, but is now more known for its ice hockey team, Sparta Warriors. In football, Sarpsborg 08 FF has taken over the local throne, currently playing on the highest national level. On 6 November 2009, they sent arch-rival FFK down from the "Tippeliga" in a play-off game in Fredrikstad stadion. Sarpsborg-08 has a women's football team that was promoted to the women's division-1 at the end of 2011, at the same time as the club's under-19 girls reached the Junior Cup Final. Sarpsborg BK plays in the highest bandy division.
Sarpsborg also famous for their two elit leagues teams in floorball, Sarpsborg IBK and Greåker IBK.Apoptygma Berzerk
At Your Leisure
Walther Aas (1928–1990), artist
Lene Alexandra Øien, glamour model
Roald Amundsen, explorer, first person to reach the South Pole
John Anderson (1873–1949), Major League Baseball player for fifteen seasons in the United States
Arne Arnardo, circus owner
Jan Groth (1946–), vocalist/songwriter/artist (Aunt Mary/Just4Fun/Oslo Gospel Choir/Aage Samuelsen tributes)
Stephan Groth (1971–), artist
Jonas Holøs (1987), ice hockey player
Raymond Kvisvik (1974–), soccer player.
Åge Sten Nilsen artist/vocalist/songwriter ("Glam" from Wig Wam/The Show Must Go On (Queen Tribute)/Rondo)
Nils Ole Oftebro, actor
Josephine Ryan, goldsmith, jewelry designer
Per-Åge Skrøder, ice hockey player
Jens Arne Svartedal, international skiing champion
Oscar Torp (1893–1958), former Prime Minister of Norway
Jasmin Haugstuen Please (1988-) Actress
Harald Dahl, father of the British writer Roald Dahl, also came from Sarpsborg.
Sarpsborg has several sister cities: