| Russia|| 101,381 (2010)|
Sarapul (Udmurt and Russian: Сара́пул) is a city and a river port in the Udmurt Republic, Russia, located on the right bank of the Kama River, 66 kilometers (41 mi) southeast of Izhevsk, the capital of the republic. Population: 101,381 (2010 Census); 103,141 (2002 Census); 110,381 (1989 Census).
Sarapul is one of the oldest cities of the Kama region. It was first mentioned in a 1596 population audit book as the village (selo) of Voznesenskoye (Вознесе́нское), also known as Sarapul: in Kazansky Uyezd in the upper Kama River ... in Sarapul and Siva people fish. Apparently, here "Sarapul" is the name of a section of the river, as well as the entire area along its shores. It is believed that the name of this area comes from the word "сарапуль" (sarapul) which in Chuvash means "yellow fish", or sturgeon, which was in abundance here. Later, however, other versions of the origin of the name were considered. In particular, one of them says that the word "sarapul" formed by the merger of two words: "Sarah", which is one of the Siberian dialect means "money" and "pul" - small copper coin, and means "place of money".
It was chartered in 1780 and by the end of the 18th century it grew into a merchant town with developed industry of footwear manufacturing.
The city of Sarapul was one of the residence centers of the udmurt Jews, who spoke Udmurtish Yiddish. In the lexicon of this dialect there was a noticeable number of udmurt and tatar loan words.
Within the framework of administrative divisions, it is incorporated as the city of republic significance of Sarapul—an administrative unit with the status equal to that of the districts. As a municipal division, the city of republic significance of Sarapul is incorporated as Sarapul Urban Okrug.
Currently, Sarapul is the second most significant industrial town in the republic after Izhevsk.
The asteroid 26851 Sarapul was named in the city's honor on June 1, 2007.