Sanandaj (Persian: سنندج) At the 2016 census, its population was 314,069 Sanandaj is the capital of Kurdistan Province in Iran. Sanandaj is the thirty-ninth largest city in Iran. Sanandaj is not old and was founded about 200 years ago, yet under its short existence it has grown to become a center of Kurdish culture.
The population of Sanandaj is mainly Kurdish. The city also had an Armenian minority who gradually emigrated from the city. Until the Iranian Revolution (1979), the city had a small Aramaic-speaking Jewish community of about 4,000 people. The city boasted a sizable Assyrian community that spoke a unique dialect of Aramaic called Senaya. The economy of Sanandaj is based upon the production of carpets, processed hides and skins, milled rice, refined sugar, woodworking, cotton weaving, metalware and cutlery.
The Ardalani dialect of Kurdish is spoken in Sanandaj and its surroundings. Ardalani dialect is distinct to Kurdistan province and is spoken in Sanandaj and other cities of Kurdistan province. The other important dialect of Sorani Kurdish is Mokriani which is spoken in Mokrian region in the cities of Piranshahr and Mahabad in West Azerbaijan province.
Under the Iranian revolution Komalah took control over the city under a brief period of time.
The world-renowned traditional Kurdish music ensemble The Kamkars, as well as prominent Kurdish singers, Sayed Ali Asghar Kurdistani, Abbas Kamandi, Nasser Razazi and Mazhar Khaleqi all hail from Sanandaj. Famous Swedish economist and author of Kurdish Iranian origin Tino Sanandaji was born in Sanandaj.