Salvatore Richard Martoche (born October 12, 1940) is an American lawyer and retired NYS Supreme Court, Appellate Division judge.
Martoche was born in Buffalo, New York. He received his Bachelor of Science from Canisius College in 1962 and his J.D. from the University of North Dakota School of Law in 1967. He was a public defender before going into private practice from 1969 to 1982. He served as assistant counsel to the majority for the New York State Senate from 1974 to 1982 and administrator for the Erie County Bar Association of the Pre-Trial Services Agency, Inc. from 1972 to 1981.
Hide in Plain Sight, the 1980 movie starring James Caan, is based on one of Martoche's cases. He is credited with reforms in the United States Federal Witness Protection Program.
Martoche was US Attorney for the Western District of New York from 1982 to 1986, and was a member of the Attorney General's Advisory Committee from 1983 to 1986, serving as vice chairman in 1984 and chairman in 1985.
He was Assistant Secretary of Labor (Enforcement) under President Ronald Reagan from May 1986 to 1988. On April 19, 1988, President Bush announced his intention to nominate Martoche to be a member of the National Mediation Board for the term expiring July 1, 1991. From 1988 to 1990, he served as an Assistant Secretary of the Treasury, overseeing law enforcement operations under President Reagan and President George H. W. Bush. Before leaving federal service, Martoche was a key official involved in the response to the savings and loan crisis, serving as the acting director of the Office of Thrift Supervision.
In the 1990s, Martoche was in private practice in Buffalo and served as one of six commissioners of the state Commission of Investigation, which investigates organized crime and public corruption statewide.
Martoche served as a New York State Supreme Court justice for 13 years from January 2000 until his retirement. He was designated to serve on the New York Supreme Court, Appellate Division Fourth Department on May 3, 2004 by Governor George Pataki.
In August 2013 Judge Martoche retired from the bench and joined a Buffalo law firm as head of its Alternative dispute resolution practice group.