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Saint Hilarion Castle

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Town or city  Kyrenia
Address  Girne
Construction started  10th-century
Phone  +90 392 227 29 94
Saint Hilarion Castle
Country  De jure  Cyprus De facto  Northern Cyprus
Similar  Buffavento Castle, Bellapais Abbey, Kantara Castle, Kyrenia Castle, Archangelos Michael Church

Saint hilarion castle kyrenia northern cyprus


The Saint Hilarion Castle lies on the Kyrenia mountain range, in Cyprus. This location provided the castle with command of the pass road from Kyrenia to Nicosia. It is the best preserved ruin of the three former strongholds in the Kyrenia mountains, the others being Kantara and Buffavento.

Contents

Saint Hilarion was originally a monastery, named after a monk who allegedly chose the site for his hermitage, with a monastery and a church built there in the 10th century. Starting in the 11th century, the Byzantines began fortification. Saint Hilarion formed the defense of the island with the castles of Buffavento and Kantara against Arab pirates raiding the coast. Some sections were further upgraded under the Lusignan rule, who may have used it as a summer residence. During the rule of Lusignans, the castle was the focus of a four-year struggle between Holy Roman Emperor Frederick II and Regent John d' Ibelin for control of Cyprus.

The castle has three divisions or wards. The lower and middle wards served economic purposes, while the upper ward housed the royal family. The lower ward had the stables and the living quarters for the men-at-arms. The Prince John tower sits on a cliff high above the lower castle. The church lies on the middle ward. The upper ward was reserved for royalty and can be entered via a well-preserved archway. Farm buildings are located in the west close to the royal apartments. Along the western wall, there is a scenic view of the northern coast of Cyprus, overlooking the city of Kyrenia, from the Queen's Window.

Much of the castle was dismantled by the Venetians in the 15th century to reduce the up-keeping cost of garrisons.

In fiction

The Castle of Saint Hilarion features in the 2016 crypto-thriller The Apocalypse Fire by Dominic Selwood.

References

Saint Hilarion Castle Wikipedia


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Bellapais Abbey
Buffavento Castle
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